Examine the Role That One of Leonard’s Ideas (Eg. Joyce’s “Style,” Complex Convergence, Epiphanies, Scrupulous Meanness) Plays in the Last Scene of “The Dead"
But this technique is also a manner to show the trivial dialogues of characters, for instance, the conversations between Mary Jane, Aunt Kate and Mr. D’Arcy are totally banal. His narrative technique is unique and superb, but is not the only remarkable feature of the story, likewise his use of the language creates a realistic atmosphere during the party and reveals the authentic essence of the characters, the deepest reasons of their motivations, and the ways through his minds wander.
In each story, he gave each individual the possibility of an epiphany, but often the characters failed to break through and see their ability to change their situations, because of this, some of these epiphanies occur only on the narrative level, showing the reader that the story’s character missed their epiphany.
Joyce puts this style forward as a means to express his moral intent The Sisters * “sensation of freedom as if [he] had been freed from something by the priest’s death “ * “desired to confess something. I felt my soul receding into something pleasant and vicious region […] I too was smiling feebly as if to absolve the simoniac of his sins” * “…I wouldn’t say he was exactly…but there was something uncanny about him. I’ll tell you my opinion…”(incomplete sentences of aunt) * “one of those …peculiar cases” * “scrupulosity in the Catholic Church is a very real, potentially paralyzing, mental disease”(Bremen) Stream of consciousness - Depicts the multitudinous thoughts and feelings which pass through the mind. Eveline * “She had consented to go away, to leave her home. Was that wise? She tried to weigh each side of the question. In her home anyway she had shelter and food; she had those whom she had known all her life about her. Of course she had to work hard, both in the house and at business. What would they say of her in the Stores when they found out that she had run away with a fellow? Say she was a fool, perhaps; and her place would be filled up by advertisement. Miss Gavan would be glad. She had always had an edge on her,especially whenever there were people listening.” Araby
But, writing from abroad, he came to think that he had perhaps been ‘unnecessarily harsh’, partly for neglecting the ‘hospitality’ of Dublin, which he thought unique. The last, last-written, and longest story, ‘The Dead’, makes up that lack, and it is the greatest thing in the book.