Judy Chicago and How Her Art Helped Contribute to the Feminist Movement
Women, for the most part, have been written out of history and the canon of art history. Their accomplishments, personalities, heroic stories, creative expressions, and struggles have been rendered irrelevant and secondary compared to the Europhallocentric point of view that history, culture, and society has succumbed to. Through an art practice that is informed by these injustices, Chicago has created works and a paralleling iconography that serve to express women’s essence, experience, and aesthetics, as well as the burgeoning goals of Feminism in the 1970s
Many of the artists also created performances that took place within Womanhouse to further address the relationship between women and the home.
By encouraging scholars to seek out these forgotten women, the project continues on today. It is opening up beyond the Western canon to include women of colour from around the world, women who help us understand that there is no one “female art” but rather that art shapes and is shaped by culture, that it conveys cultural ideas about beauty, gender, and power, and that it can be a powerful tool to question issues of race, class, and identity.
Chicago, Judy. “The Dinner Party.” 1974-79. Photo. http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/spring07/sp2007exh_03.htm. 30 Nov. 2009.
Chicago, Judy. “Menstruation Bathroom.” 1973. Photo. http://feministartrevolution.blogspot.com/2007/12/womanhouse-1973.html. 30 Nov.2009.
Chicago, Judy. “Rainbow Pickett.” 1965. Photo.http://www.lewallencontemporary.com/judychicago. 30 Nov. 2009.
Lucie-Smith, Edward. Movements in Art Since 1945. 1st Ed. Canada: Thames & Hudson World of Art, 2001.