Reflection and Analysis of Monday B. Abastiattai's “the Search for Independence: New World Blacks in Sierra Leone and Liberia”
Concerned with the fate of Liberia, Americo-Liberians, the governing elite of Liberia, went to great lengths to preserve Liberia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity throughout the latenineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. Responding to European advancements that began in the 1860s, Liberian Government officials attempted to mitigate the threats by implementing tactics similar to those used by the European powers to colonize Africa. Nonetheless, Liberian efforts alone proved unable to thwart these imperial pressures. British and French agents continued to contest Liberian territorial claims and undermine the Liberian state’s territorial hegemony within the Republic.
Miller and Carter (1972: 113) describe the Liberian economy of the 1970s as a ‘modern dual economy’, one which Liberia ‘solicited and got’.
Marinelli, L. A. (1964), ‘Liberia’s Open-Door Policy’, Journal of Modern African Studies 2: 91-8.
Miller, R. E. and Carter, P. R (1972), ‘The Modern Dual Economy – A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Liberia’, Journal of Modern African Studies 10: 113-21.
U.S. Department of State (1989), Foreign Relations of the United States 1957, Volume XVIII (Africa), Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Van Sickle, E. S. (2011), ‘Reluctant Imperialists: The U.S. Navy and Liberia, 1819-1845’, Journal of the Early Republic 31: 107-34.