Reaction to Carr’s Book, the Glass Cage: Automation and US
He argues that our jobs and lives are being impoverished by our dependence on computers and automation.
This cyclic process has perhaps been most pointedly captured with the concept 'creative destruction', suggested by Austrian/American economy researcher Joseph Schumpeter in 1942 in his book Capitalism, socialism and democracy (Schumpeter, 2013). This refers to the pattern of solid market traditions, the bearers of old wealth, regularly being destroyed while fresh fortunes are created with new inventions. Today we are probably only in the beginning of the new industrial revolution that is sometimes talked about as a shift from manual to digital labour. As always, we fear that innovative technology will disrupt the labour market. Although, history teaches us that we should expect growth of new forms of jobs, this time the creative destruction seems to be one on steroids.
With a characteristic blend of history and philosophy, poetry and science, Carr takes us on a journey from the work and early theory of Adam Smith and Alfred North Whitehead to the latest research into human attention, memory, and happiness, culminating in a moving meditation on how we can use technology to expand the human experience.
Licklider J.C.R. (1960). Man-computer symbiosis. IRE Transactions on Human Factors in Electronics, HFE-1(1), 4-11.
Keen, Andrew. The Internet is not the answer. London: Atlantic books, 2015. 273 p.
Carr, Nicholas. The glass cage: where automation is taking us. London: The Bodly Head, 2015. 276 p. ISBN 978-1-84792-308-0.
Fingar, Peter. Cognitive computing: a brief guide for game changers.
Schumpeter, J. A. (2013). Capitalism, socialism and democracy. London: Routledge.