Recovery Court’s Treatment-Oriented Approach Designed to Ensure an Offender’s Long-Term Success
It is estimated that 78% of property crimes and 77% of public order offenses are related to drug or alcohol abuse, which costs the United States $74 billion a year. This includes the cost of police, court, prison, probation and parole services. Substance-involved offenders are more likely to recidivate than their sober peers. Proponents of the drug court model claim that it prevents recidivism while also saving a considerable amount of money. However, evaluation research is necessary to determine whether drug courts are truly effective.
A good example is in Toronto court where the eviction of a client is seen as a clinical best practice for a therapeutic non-responsive client rather than a punitive measure. The crown uses evidence that the client has shown poor quality in the recovery process, on the other hand, the counsel argues that the client can complete her recovery and should be able to remain in the program as all she needs is time to detox.
It is this aspect of increased human supervision that improves the treatment prognosis of the offender while also utilizing the community itself to maintain more effective supervision of the offender’s behaviors and activities. Thus, treatment staff and community members work together, hand-in-hand, to improve offender treatment outcomes.
Chrobo, A.Sentencing Drug Addicted Offenders and the Toronto Drug Treatment Court. Criminal law Quarterly. (2002) 45:346-362
Foucalt, M. The Body of the condemned in Discipline and Punish. The Birth of the prison. New York: Vintage Books. (1977) 3-31.