Recovery Court’s Treatment-Oriented Approach Designed to Ensure an Offender’s Long-Term Success
However, evaluation research is necessary to determine whether drug courts are truly effective.
Someone with a drug addiction gets locked up and serves their time. Yet when they get out of jail they have a tough time getting a job with the criminal stigma placed upon them. Their options become severely limited because of this. Drug addiction is a serious plague that is affecting the United States. The best way to combat this is not just to lock up every person who is addicted to drugs. That just starts a repetitive cycle that costs the American people more money and leads addicted individuals who can’t afford to go to expensive rehabilitation facilities being rearrested. The best way to solve this growing epidemic is not to turn to a regular court system which is designed to punish the criminal, but to a special court system designed to help the drug offender. “The goals of the drug court are to link defendants to community-based treatment and to reduce drug use and recidivism. Drug-involved defendants are offered structured, community-based treatment.
Judges also engage not only in clinical medical assessments, but also engage in psychological treatment knowledge in dealing with clients. This medical knowledge serves to help the judges deliver justified legal actions against clients. Crowns and duty counsel also make use of clinical knowledge. It applies mostly when a client faces expulsion from the program. It may be fuelled by several reasons such as, lying to the judge, breaching bail terms dealing drugs to other clients or failure to show motivation in the program (Foucalt, 18). Though rare, when eviction happens, it is based on lack of motivation in the program. A good example is in Toronto court where the eviction of a client is seen as a clinical best practice for a therapeutic non-responsive client rather than a punitive measure. The crown uses evidence that the client has shown poor quality in the recovery process, on the other hand, the counsel argues that the client can complete her recovery and should be able to remain in the program as all she needs is time to detox.
Thus, treatment staff and community members work together, hand-in-hand, to improve offender treatment outcomes.
Chrobo, A.Sentencing Drug Addicted Offenders and the Toronto Drug Treatment Court. Criminal law Quarterly. (2002) 45:346-362
Foucalt, M. The Body of the condemned in Discipline and Punish. The Birth of the prison. New York: Vintage Books. (1977) 3-31.