How Do We Effectively Deal With the Contemporary Criminal Justice Discriminations That People of Color Continue to Face?
At yearend 2015, over 6.7 million individuals were under some form of correctional control in the United States, including 2.2 million incarcerated in federal, state, or local prisons and jails. The U.S. is a world leader in its rate of incarceration, dwarfing the rate of nearly every other nation.
In addition to the long tradition of survey research on racial attitudes and stereotypes among the general population, a number of researchers have developed interview techniques aimed at gauging propensities toward discrimination among employers and other gatekeepers. Harry Holzer has conducted a number of employer surveys in which employers are asked a series of questions about “the last worker hired for a noncollege job,” thereby grounding employers’ responses in a concrete recent experience.
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Simons Ronald L., Burt Callie Harbin. Learning to Be Bad: Adverse Social Conditions, Social Schemas, and Crime. Criminology. 2011;49:553–98.
Scott Lionel., Jr. Correlates of Coping with Perceived Discriminatory Experiences among African American Adolescents. Journal of Adolescence. 2004.