Biography of Philip Kitcher
Philip Kitcher is the John Dewey Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University. An eminent philosopher, he is the author of many books on philosophy, science, literature, and music, including Abusing Science: The Case Against Creationism; The Lives to Come: The Genetic Revolution and Human Possibilities; Vaulting Ambition: Sociobiology and the Quest for Human Knowledge; Science, Truth, and Democracy; In Mendel’s Mirror: Philosophical Reflections on Biology; and Finding an Ending: Reflections on Wagner’s Ring. His most recent book is Joyce’s Kaleidoscope: An Invitation to Finnegan’s Wake.
These questions are answered by the Philip Kitcher as he said that it is impossible to falsify or prove to be true the evolutionary theory by calculating the fossils record and evolutionary changes. However the Creationists rely upon the naïve theory to establish a relationship between their claims and theory to make their claims. We can prove that evolutionary theory is best than that of the creation theory when evolutionary theory is not proved. Kitcher has accepted only those theories which have the three main characteristics like unity, fecundity and auxiliary hypothesis. Always a good theory consists of single problem solving plan and a family of problem resolving plan can be applied to more than one problems. A good theory makes way to lead us to look at new world; hence we can ask new questions and new flourishing science is not complete. Any time new question are raised and incompleteness is leads us a way to fecundity. Philip Kitcher looks always that good theories must be productive to answer the all questions. Finally a good theory must be based upon the auxiliary hypothesis which is independently testable to solve a particular problem as Neptune is independent of any anomalies in Uranus’s orbit. Kitcher has always defined that a good theory consists of observational consequences and irregularities found in orbit of Uranus; so falsification is the merely consequences of observation. Evolutionary biology contains the concept of the natural selection at the center of its heart. To get maximum benefits from the natural selection it is shaped in different ways so evolutionary theorists can also get maximum advantage.
As shown above, Philip Kitcher is John Dewey Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University. Professor Kitcher was the first recipient of the Prometheus Prize awarded by the American Philosophical Association for "lifetime contribution to expanding the frontiers of research in philosophy and science." He is also the winner of many other awards, most recently the Award for Distinguished Service to the Columbia Core Curriculum, the Lenfest Distinguished Faculty Award from Columbia University, the Lannan Foundation Notable Book Award (given for Living with Darwin), and the Friend of Darwin Award (given by the National Committee on Science Education).