Social Work Practice With Families: Summary of the Legacy of Loss
He defined suffering as the “state of severe distress associated with events that threaten the intactness of the person”, and described suffering and its impact in broad terms. Cassel acknowledged that suffering is ultimately a personal matter, even though one can suffer enormously at the distress of another person. Although it is accurate that suffering usually is linked with physical pain and related symptoms, it goes much further. Suffering affects personal relationships, personal performance, personal transcendence or meaning, even one’s personhood.
According to the Suryadarma, Pakpahan and Suryahadi (2009), these social changes can significantly affect both the psychological and physical well-being of the affected children. These changes frequently lead to stressful conditions as the child faces new constraints and demands.
Case, A. & Ardington, C. (2006). The impact of parental death on school outcomes: longitudinal evidence from South Africa. Demography, 43, 401-420.
Suryadarma, D., Pakpahan, Y. M., & Suryahadi, A. (2009). The effects of parental death and chronic poverty on children`s education and health: Evidence from Indonesia. Web.
Hunter, S. & Williamson, J. (2000). Children on the brink 2000: updated estimates and recommendations for intervention executive summary. Washington, D.C.: USAID.