Examine the Theory of Change From the Bottom Up
This concept therefore, is a framework that tries to understand the behavior of people, the reasons that drives them in committing crime and various approaches to prevent a person in making choices that leads to crime.
Restorative justice and community justice represent new ways of thinking about crime. The theories underlying restorative justice suggest that government should surrender its monopoly over responses to crime to those most directly affected—the victim, the offender, and the community. Community justice redefines the roles and goals of criminal justice agencies to include a broader mission—to prevent crime, address local social problems and conflicts, and involve neighborhood residents in planning and decisionmaking. Both restorative and community justice are based on the premise that communities will be strengthened if local citizens participate in responding to crime, and both envision responses tailored to the preferences and needs of victims, communities, and offenders.
(Anderson, "Access to justice and legal process : making legal institutions responsive to poor people in LDCs) Furthermore Golub and the ADB argue that legal empowerment has helped advance poverty alleviation.Bottom-up approaches have first of all analyzed the obstacles the poor meet when seeking justice or what legal obstacles keep the poor out of power, either in the formal legal system, and for some also in other non-state normative systems. Different studies have had different analyses, however with a large overlap. When combined and structured, the main obstacles that the poor have when seeking justice, can largely be grouped in two.
Bottom up has wider applications; it can be applied to other crimes, not just sexually motivated serial killers like top-down.
Anderson, Michael R. "Access to justice and legal process : making legal institutions responsive to poor people in LDCs " IDS Working Paper, no. 178 (2003).
Davis, Kevin E., and Michael J. Trebilcock. "Legal Reforms and Development." Third World Quarterly 22, no. 1 (2001): 21-36.
De Soto, Hernando. The Mystery of Capital, Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere else. London: Black Swan, 2000.
Garth, B.G. "Rethinking the Processes and Criteria for Success." In Comprehensive Legal and Judicial Development, edited by Rudolph V. Van Puymbroeck, 11-31. Washington: World Bank, 2001.