Which Organizational Theories Are Best Suited to Policing
Their constituents, those who are sovereign or whose opinions affect operational and strategic decisions, tend to frame values in terms of public safety first, and then in terms of other values such as due process, hiring and retention, gender equity, and public relations. They also must consider internal constituents, such as line officers who attain sovereignty vis-aÂ-vis collective bargaining.
This essay describes the various types of police agencies in the US and how each is organized. It also identifies the principal roles of the police organizations as it applies to the law and identifies the major organizational theories that are associated with policing. At the same time, police work is undergoing significant change as those in the field continue to grapple with the challenging issues facing modern-day law enforcement — from the increasing impact of video (citizen smartphones and police body cameras) to anti-terrorism efforts and the opioid epidemic
And Compstat called for an organizational structure that delegated key mobilization decisions to the middle managers running the precincts, while at the same time holding them accountable for results that were routinely reviewed by top management (Silverman 1999). Furthermore, some programs required that first-level supervisors take a more active role in how officers were deployed – some being freed entirely from the responsibility of answering calls-for-service so that police could focus more resources on working with the community and solving problems (Skogan and Hartnett 1997).
However, implementation of community policing programs have always been problematic.
Skolnick, Jerome H. 1966. Justice without Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic Society. New York: Wiley.
Goldstein, H.. 1990. Problem-oriented Policing. New York: McGraw-Hill.