How Does the Ruling Class Dominate and Exploit the Working Class Through Economic Forces, Physical Force, Institutions, and Psychological/Subliminal Manipulation?
Relative to middle‐class counterparts, lower/working‐class individuals are less likely to define themselves in terms of their socioeconomic status and are more likely to have interdependent self‐concepts; they are also more inclined to explain social events in situational terms, as a result of having a lower sense of personal control. Working‐class people score higher on measures of empathy and are more likely to help others in distress.
Social class can be defined as a hierarchical order of people (A tiered system with one class above another) within a society, based on their economic, cultural norms or employment status. Social class is often discussed in the terms of social stratification, this refers to the different levels that groups of people consider themselves to be part of or where society in its general term considers the individual to be. Stratification is a term borrowed from geology ( the study of rocks) that describes the process where layers of rocks are formed one above the other, these are referred to as strata. In todays society strata are the classes. In the middle ages there was what was called the estate system ( also known as the feudalism) the kings being at the top of the system, then there were the noble lords and below the lords were the knights.The majority of the population were known as the peasants and the serfs. Each of these were known as a estate. In other cultures different social systems developed for example in India a caste system. This is where people believed in reincarnation (born again) the ones at the bottom of the caste system accepted this. Their religion and belief made them think that they deserved to be there and it was ok for others to look them up and down. In hope they would be reborn into a higher caste when they were reincarnated, they would try to lead better lives. A stronger form of stratification was slavery. Slavery totally subjugated one group to the will and whim of another even to the power of life or death. A slave owner killing a slave would not be thought to have committed murder. This divided the slaves and the slave owners into very different groups in terms of power. The owners of the slaves treated the slaves very badly.Slaves were bought and sold all the time. Sadly slavery still exists in some parts of the world.
The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence require all people to be treated equally. In fact, the Declaration of Independence categorically stipulates that all men were created equal and should be treated as such; discrimination is still a general phenomenon (Culbreth, D. (2006). Indeed, social class discrimination has become more rampant in the modern era because of the increasing gap between the poor and the rich in the society. The constitutional rights of all persons require that they be treated fairly and equally. The government and the society at large have an obligation to provide equal opportunities and benefits to all people in different social, economic and political spheres (Korgen, K. O. (2010). It can be argued that the high levels of deprivations and poverty in today’s society are direct consequences of deep rooted social class systems and structures. This paper will attempt to analyze social class discrimination phenomenon in the workplace and its consequences. A candid discussion will be presented on the consequences of social class discrimination at the workplace impacts on the lives of people. The working environment serves as an essential and fundamental part of a person’s occupation. Indeed, working not only serves to equip one with skills, knowledge and expertise to carry out his or her duties efficiently, but also serves as an avenue to interact with the rest of the community and create a network of friends and acquaintances. The workplace is ideally supposed to be a discrimination-free area where social and professional discussions can take place without any barriers. Unfortunately, this has never been the case. Social class discrimination is a live phenomenon in most organizations not only within the United States, but also around the globe. Statistics indicate that in most organizations, an employee’s social class significantly influences their work performance.
In the final analysis, the Ruling Class is a special sector of the upper class of a society that possesses both the most material wealth and the most widespread influence over all the other classes. The Marxist are of the opinion that for one to be a member of the ruling class in any given society, one must possess most, most importantly, material, wealth. Control the means of production, and then, political power.
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Korgen, K. O. (2010). Multiracial Americans and Social Class: The Influence of Social Class on Racial Identity. New York: Routledge.