How Does Class Conflict Theory Describe the Relationship Between the Ruling Class and the Working Class?
Most sociologists will use the theoretical or perspective approach to help research. There are a multitude of approaches that are used by sociologist but, the mainly stick to three types of theories. The first would be the structural – functional theory, then the social conflict theory, and finally the symbolic interaction theory. Within these three approaches are several more ways to gain research.
Ruling classes kept working classes in states of oppression with hegemony, which imposed dominance with social rules that all obeyed. Political economist Max Weber extended this definition to include multidimensional class levels, such as those based on race, gender, and religion. He believed that in addition to political revolution, social conflict and change can result from discourse and the exchange of ideas. Patterns of class conflict theory occur when one class of people is systemically empowered over another. The less empowered class demands a share of resources that the more fortunate class has in abundance, leading to social conflict. Here are some real-life examples of conflict theory in both economic and societal situations.
He described Trayvon as a ‘suspicious man’. Trayvon who wore a hood was unarmed at the time of the shooting, but Zimmerman claimed he shot Trayvon to defend himself (CNN 2012).
Conflict theory is highly influential in modern and post-modern theories of sexual and racial inequality, peace and conflict studies, and the many varieties of identity studies that have arisen across Western academia in the past several decades.
CNN Wire Staff. (2012). Outrage protests grow over shooting of unarmed Florida teen. Web.
Macionis, J & Gerber, L. (2010). Sociology. Web.