Machines of Ancient China
Numerous technological and cultural advancements have spawned off from the inventions derived from Ancient China, which spans over thousands of years ago. A lot of the inventions really attest to how more advanced Ancient China was in science and technology.
They were some of the oldest means of transportation, hauling and also military vehicles. To use an animal to pull a cart, to operate a mill, or to plow the field, an effective harness first had to be custom made to address the unique shape and form of the animal. The invention of the harness was an outstanding achievement which opened the door to many other developments. The compass-equipped “south-pointing chariot” (zhinan che) and an odometer-equipped chariot called the “li-recording drum chariot” (jili guche) or hodometer were two brilliant inventions that incorporated machines in vehicles. As for animal powered machines, the eight-wheeled ox-powered mill (niuzhuan bamo) and the field mill (chemo) were first invented by the Chinese in ancient times.
Major mechanical elements and mechanisms of ancient Chinese machines, such as linkage mechanisms, cam mechanisms, gear mechanisms, and flexible connecting mechanisms (ropes and chains), were invented.
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