Immigration in the 21st Century
The debates over immigration and immigration policy did not develop in recent memory. In fact, one could argue that the debates over this issue date back to antiquity. During Biblical times people did not agree with each other regarding immigration. Even the authors of the Scriptures had different opinions about immigration. Matthew and Paul are two New Testament authors who each discuss the topic of immigration in their writings.
Immigrants comprise almost 14 percent of the U.S. population, or more than 44 million people out of a total of about 327 million, according to the Census Bureau. Together, immigrants and their U.S.-born children make up about 28 percent of U.S. inhabitants. The figure represents a steady rise from 1970, when there were fewer than ten million immigrants in the United States. But there are proportionally fewer immigrants today than in 1890, when foreign-born residents comprised 15 percent of the population. Mexico is the most common country of origin for U.S. immigrants—constituting 25 percent of the immigrant population—but the proportion of immigrants from South and East Asia—who number about 27 percent—is on the rise. More than half of undocumented immigrants have lived in the United States for more than a decade; nearly one-third are the parents of U.S.-born children, according to the Pew Research Center. Central Americans seeking asylum, which is protected under U.S. law, make up a growing share of those who cross the U.S.-Mexico border. Some of these immigrants have different legal rights from Mexican nationals in the United States: under a 2008 anti–human trafficking law, unaccompanied minors from noncontiguous countries have a right to a hearing before being deported to their home countries. The spike in Central American migration has strained the U.S. immigration system, with more than one million cases pending in immigration courts.
Immigration in the US has been on the rise and can be dated back to the 15th century when there used to be massive human trafficking to the United States and the end of World War II. Today, the United States is home to the largest immigrant populace in the world. This immigration has sparked debates in the United States with a section of the leaders terming it as illegal. Much of these debates are centered on culture as well as the economic effects. Furthermore, the labor force has also become a center of focus when it comes to immigration. The rough estimate from the department of immigration in the US stands at 44 million both legal and undocumented immigrants in the United States today (Borjas, 13). Immigration increases the supply of labor and consequently, keep the average wages from falling over a long-term. Due to immigration, the firms increase the investments due to increased labor supply. The increment in investment offsets any reduction in capital per working head. A research conducted by the US census bureau indicates that the immigrants are always considered imperfect substitutes for labor offered by the Native Americans in the labor markets. The implication is that they do not offer stiff competition to the Americas for the same jobs. As a result, there is a minimum pressure on the native wages (Ottaviano, 17).
In summary, in general, it is wrong to judge American immigrants and subject them to unnecessary blame. It is a kind of human nature to face obstacles and find out the possible solutions. It is an obligatory step for people to survive under current conditions. People have to be regarded as equal on the grounds of humanity hence require equal opportunity regardless of the background. American immigrants deserve an equal right to employment therefore there should be no need for conflicts over who are the rightful owners of particular jobs. America is “a nation that prides itself on fair treatment”, and it is useless to settle the society for anything less.
Borjas, George J. Heaven's door: Immigration policy and the American economy. Princeton University Press, (2011): 11-17
Furchtgott-Roth, Diana. "The economic benefits of immigration." Issue brief 18 (2013). Pp 4-6
Hanson, Gordon Howard. The economics and policy of illegal immigration in the United States. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute, (2010): 23-54
Ottaviano, Gianmarco IP, and Giovanni Peri. "Rethinking the effect of immigration on wages." Journal of the European economic association 10.1 (2012): 15-19.