The Four Methods of Amending the United States Constitution
What can we do to update the Constitution to address these new issues? Well, the Framers thought of a solution: citizens could add changes to the Constitution.
Since there is no process specified, what would the process be? There are no national elections today - even elections for the presidency are local. There is no precedent for a national referendum. It is easy to say that the Constitution can be changed by the people in any way the people wish. Actually making the change is another story altogether. Suffice it to say, for now, that the notion of popular amendment makes perfect sense in the constitutional framework, even though the details of effecting popular amendment could be impossible to resolve.
The constitutional convention may propose changes, as may deem fit, after which the amendments are to be approved by three-fourths of the states. The reason why a constitutional amendment is done is the supposed need to improve the contents or correct any errors or revise areas that evidently call for changes to the original context of the constitutional provisions inaugurated in 1978. Up to date, 27 constitutional amendments have been approved, while six others, which have been proposed during the history of the U.S., have been disapproved out rightly. Thousands of proposed amendments have been debated at the legislative level, though these have not been pushed to the other levels of the amendments process (U.S. Const. amend. V). The idea, in this case, was that the provisions fully gave the array under which the government would act and that the government would not act outside of the expressly accounted authority. From the fourteenth amendment of 1968, the government and local governments are limited to exercising anything beyond what is granted to their range of authority, expressly directing that the U.S. government cannot violate the bill of rights unless the area of contention is revised through an amendment. Another impact is that the bill of rights received autonomy in that it could not be amended by ordinary laws, but only by another provision of the constitution (U.S. Const. Art. V, § 1).
Patterson, T. E. (2009). The American democracy. New York: McGraw-Hill.
U.S. Const. amend XV “Right to vote”. (repealed1870).
U.S. Const. art. V, § 1 (repealed 1787).