An Analysis and Comparison of Taj Mahal Gardens, Agra and Shalimar (Shalamar) Gardens, Lahore
There are five geographical sources of inspiration for Shalimar Gardens: Central Asia, Kashmir, West Punjab, Persia, and the Delhi Sultanate.
Despite this, Babur never felt at home in the arid climate of Hindustan, preferring the cool weather of the Afghan mountains which had been his boyhood home. When he died, Babur left instructions to be interred in an earth covered grave in present-day Kabul rather than in a garden tomb on the subcontinent. As Babur's successors assembled a larger and more diverse empire, the gardens they founded served multiple purposes. In a practical sense, they provided an environment where the imperial court could camp in relative comfort as the emperor and his entourage traveled from site to site.
Itis also important to narrate that there are two WorldHeritage sites in Lahore: Shalimar Garden and LahoreFort (Latif, S. M., 1981).When Emperor Akbar ordered for fortificationof the existing settlement of Lahore, there was a gardenrunning in fortification on other three of the four sides ofthe city.
The buildings deteriorated and greenery vanished. Therefore, in 1981, the Shalimar Gardens were included in the World Heritage list, under the UNESCO Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 1972.
Latif, S. M. Lahore and its history, Architectural Remainsand Antiquities New Imperial Press 1892,Lahore, reprinted by Sandhu Printers, Lahore,Pakistan, 114-130, (1981).
NathH, R. History of Mughal Architecture, Abhinav publications, Delhi, India, 4, 31-39, (1982)