An Analysis and Comparison of Taj Mahal Gardens, Agra and Shalimar (Shalamar) Gardens, Lahore
There are five geographical sources of inspiration for Shalimar Gardens: Central Asia, Kashmir, West Punjab, Persia, and the Delhi Sultanate.
As Babur's successors assembled a larger and more diverse empire, the gardens they founded served multiple purposes. In a practical sense, they provided an environment where the imperial court could camp in relative comfort as the emperor and his entourage traveled from site to site.
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NathH, R. History of Mughal Architecture, Abhinav publications, Delhi, India, 4, 31-39, (1982)