A Mixed-Methods Study of the Health-Related Masculine Values Among Young Canadian Men
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Drawing on a sample of 15–29-year-old Canadian male interview participants (n = 30) and survey respondents (n = 600), 5 health-related masculine values were highlighted: (a) selflessness, (b) openness, (c) well-being, (d) strength, and (e) autonomy. Selflessness was characterized by caring for and helping others.
Overall, the work confirms that restricted masculine roles and gender role conflict contributes to negative psychological health for men and boys (O’Neil, 2008).Characterized by different methodologies, a core distinction between social constructionist and socialization approaches has been the debate over masculinity as an external relational social construct versus an interior trait or individual characteristic. Despite this ontological and epistemological divide, empirically there has been consensus among social constructionist and socialization men’s health researchers that masculinity is contextual and fluid rather than being entirely good or bad for the health of men.
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