Evolution of the Behavorial Leadership Model
Learn more about this theory of leadership.
The Michigan leadership studies took place at about the same time as those at Ohio Studies. The focus of the Michigan studies was to determine the principles and methods of leadership that led to productivity and job satisfaction. The studies resulted in two general leadership behaviors or orientations: an employee orientation and production orientation (Likert). Leaders with an employee orientation showed genuine concern for interpersonal relations, while those with a production orientation focused on the task or technical aspects of the job. The supporters proposed that the more the leader is employee oriented, the lesser he’ll be production oriented and vice versa. He suggested that employee oriented approach results in the most positive outcomes.
Thus, for an organization to achieve its objectives comprehensively, it must consider both individual capacities and infrastructural needs.
Many have tried to establish a definition of leadership that encompasses the intricacy of this universal term. One simplified definition of leadership is “the process of influencing an organized group toward accomplishing its goals”. This definition emphasizes the importance of viewing leadership as a process, directed at influencing a specific group of people to meet a stated objective.
McGinnis, S. (2006). Organizational Behavior and Management Thinking. Organization Management Journal, 6(2), 37-57.
McGlone, J. (2005). Major Approaches to the Study of Leadership. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 1-12.