Judith Herman's Model of Trauma Therapy
This divide was seen in World War 1 and the treatment of shell shock patients and is still seen today. In this paper, the presence of storytelling and lack thereof in traumatic shock treatment from WWI onward will be observed. Lewis Yealland was a Canadian doctor working in England during the first World War. He is well known for his work with shellshock patients.
No intervention that takes power away from the survivor can possibly foster her recovery, no matter how much it appears to be in her immediate best interest (McCann L & Pearlman L., 1990). Caregivers schooled in a medical model of treatment often have difficulty grasping this fundamental principle and putting it into practice. With trauma survivors, the therapeutic alliance cannot be taken for granted but must be painstakingly built.
Alcohol and drugs provide people with an escape from the world around them. When a person drinks excessively, she can become unconscious to the things that are going on in her life. An extreme dose of a strong drug can cause a person to get “high”, providing her with an escape from reality. However, these substances only offer temporary freedom from the negative impact of trauma.
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