Interpretation of poem “The Raven”- Edgar Allan Poe
Noted for its supernatural atmosphere and musically rhythmic tone, “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe was first published in 1845. Once published, “The Raven” made Edgar Allan Poe widely popular, although he did not flourish financially. Poe received a large amount of attention from critics, who not only interpreted, but critiqued his work.
The Raven consists of three Romantic Characteristics; imagination over reason, the accent of mystery and use of the supernatural. Poe uses imagination over reason to portray the raven as an evil being. It should be known that the raven is the Devil or one of the Devil’s messengers sent to torture the man for the rest of his life by telling him that he will “nevermore” see his Lenore again. (“This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word ‘Lenore!’–” ). It should also be recognized that the raven is made out as a type of prophet who knows all past and present of his life and that it can control his future in the after life. Use of the accent on mystery makes the Raven out as a prophet of the man’s future to come in his after life not knowing if his after life is in Heaven, the house of Angels or Hell, the lair of demons. The reader is never able to specify if the Raven is a feathered creature of knowledge or just a normal bird. When it echoes “nevermore” repeatedly through each stanza, it characterizes the Raven as a Devil to torment the man but at the same time it may have learned its only stock and store from some unhappy master owned previously. The next Romantic Characteristic is the use of the supernatural.
There is an extensive use of repletion as the word nevermore has been repeated to end the stanzas. The main theme is death that describes loss and mourning and best represented by the sad tone maintained through out the poem (Gerald, 70). The Raven was Poe’s first work that made him popular and the way he wrote it to satisfy both the classical readers and seasonal readers. This work made Poe a household name in American literature. The work encompasses Poe’s literary skills since he wrote both poems and narratives. This is a poem that was written in narrative style but contains poem properties. The description is as a narrative but the literary work is done in stanzas and lines just like a poem. This poem shows Poe’s ability to combine his creative abilities to come up with a brilliant work of art (Robert 101).
To sum up, in this adaptation Bart, who is also the main character, plays the raven. Homer, who is the father of Bart and Lisa, finds himself in the role of the protagonist. Lisa and Maggie are seraphim. Homer’s wife Marge appears as a painting of Lenore. As The Simpsons has a great audience, the raven can fulfil its part as reminder about death. Another famous example is the NFL football team the Baltimore Ravens. Their name was influenced by this poem and is a tribute to Poe, who lived in Baltimore for a few years. As shown, The Raven has clearly had an impact on our lives, due to the fact that Poe's message is current and continues to remain relevant to our lives.
Gerald, Kennedy. A Historical Guide to Edgar Allan Poe. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2001. Print.
Robert, Regan. Poe: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice- Hall, 2007. Print.
David Lehman. The Oxford Book of American Poetry. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Joseph J. Moldenhauer. “From Murder as a Fine Art: Basic Connections between Poe’s Aesthetics, Psychology and Moral Vision.” The Selected Writings of Edgar Allan Poe. Ed. G.R. Thompson. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2004. 829 – 843.
Edgar Allan Poe. “The Raven.” The Selected Writings of Edgar Allan Poe. Ed. G.R. Thompson. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2004. 58 – 61.