What Approaches by the Government of Jordan Disaster Management Sector Were Helpful or Harmful?
The implementation of FEMA’s Whole Community initiative is an opportunity to engage the whole of societal capital in disaster management. While its policies are gradually being developed, questions are mounting about what implications this new strategy will have for the traditional intergovernmental management of disasters. Thus, as an emerging issue in disaster science and management, the following chapter examines what governance issues are likely to arise from the adoption of the Whole Community approach.
The Syrian refugee crisis has exacerbated endemic political, economic, and resource challenges in Jordan. As the conflict in Syria enters a protracted state and public discontent and other tensions rise, Jordan has limited its humanitarian response. Yet, the roots of the kingdom’s challenges run deeper than the refugee crisis and if left unaddressed will be harbingers of instability. If Jordan is to confront its national challenges and continue to provide a safe haven for Syrian refugees, the country will depend on increased international support. The Syrian influx presents Jordan with a political problem. Syrians are highly concentrated in Jordan’s most vulnerable communities, and grievances brought to the fore by Syrian refugees have begun to mobilize marginalized Jordanians. As public frustration grows, political conflict is increasingly framed as a struggle against disenfranchisement. This stands in contrast to Jordan’s historical political conflicts, which were primarily characterized as struggles between the monarchy and elite interest groups (such as Islamists and Palestinians). The rapid expansion of the Syrian refugee population has accelerated an emerging narrative of the marginalized in the political sphere and has the potential to threaten the stability of the current Jordanian political structure. As massive population growth stresses host-community capacities, Syrian refugees have cast a light on some of Jordan’s greatest contemporary challenges. A plethora of reports point to the Syrian refugee impact on Jordan’s depleted resources, increased job competition, overburdened infrastructure, and strained social services, like healthcare and education. Notably, the challenges highlighted by the refugees all have deep roots in Jordan’s social, economic, and political fabrics. Indeed, the Syrian refugee population has merely exacerbated preexisting endemic challenges that could be harbingers of future instability.
This method applies testing of real time emergency equipment, disaster communication channels and management assembled to be on the look out when disaster strikes (Waal 2006). Pundits view this as a weak and in effective way of handling disaster due to the scope they take. One definite thing about a disaster is that it can strike any time and in any way. With the employment of GIS, a wide loophole is left since disasters take many forms and this approach is not comprehensive since it does not cover other disaster avenues apart from the natural causes. This model has been tried but the reality is it that whatever transpired was just like a drill where data was collected but actual implementation was not effected. Hewitt’s (1983). There is also another takes at disasters which views them as socio economic problems, rather than a culmination of natural happenings. The model seeks to venture beyond what would be called natural causes. In the yester years disasters were viewed as one off happenings which were to be handled by the government. This model failed to take into consideration the social economic factors, a situation that left the victims more isolated largely due to their poor economic status. The concept of poverty eradication was mooted as a way of disaster management, since the vulnerable mostly are the poor. This brought about the on set of disaster programs that are planned for and financed, how ever they fell short of addressing the poverty question. (Yodmani1999) argues that the biggest short coming of this program is that the poor, the elderly who are the most vulnerable are left out n plannning.
As can be seen, better use of local authorities in determining the needs of their local populous is vital, as efficient management techniques require all parties to understand the needs of each other. There is a great need to understand the nature of trust in order to develop social and institutional processes for decision making that restore and maintain this vital but fragile quality. Acceptability is likely to change even within individual communities over time as the makeup of that community changes.
Banks, W. (2011). The legal landscape for emergency Management in the United states. Web.
Hewitt, K. (1983). The idea of calamity in a technocratic age: Interpretations of calamity. Web.
Yodmani, S. 1999. Disaster risk Management and Vulnerability Reduction: Protecting the poor. Web.