Female Genital Mutilation
In addition, every year, an estimated 3 million girls are at risk of undergoing female genital mutilation, the majority of whom are cut before they turn 15 years old.
In societies that practice female genital mutilation women will never be considered equal they will always be considered below men. According to the World Health Organization, "Female genital mutilation constitutes all procedures which involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reasons. Firstly, female genital mutilation causes serious health problems to women who have been mutilated. Women who have the most sever mutilation will suffer from health problems for their whole lives. The procedure is often carried out with crude tools used for mutilating the genitalia. Examples of these tools are scissors, scalpels, pieces of glass, or razor blades (World Health Organization). In addition, the mutilation usually occurs in an unsanitary room. These unsanitary conditions can lead to the spread of HIV and infections of the genitalia and surrounding areas. Anesthetics are rarely used and relatives must hold down the female screaming in pain while she is being mutilated. On account of this severe pain the female usual goes into shock, the massive blood loss does not help either. Female genital mutilation normally causes a hemorrhage in the genital area. The cutting of the clitoral artery causes the hemorrhage and massive blood loss. Moreover, women will feel pain while urinating and will remain fearful of urinating for a long time. Women will also suffer from persistent pelvic infections.
Female Genital Mutilation is an example of one of the differences.
It is therefore legitimate for states like the UK to intervene to halt practices like FGM, according to the circumstances outlined in this essay and through the policy recommendations suggested.
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Cassman, Rachelle. Fighting to Make the Cut: Female Genital Cutting Studied within the Context of Cultural Relativism. New York: Northwestern University School of Law, 2007. Print.
Momoh, Comfort. Female Genital Mutilation. London: Radcliffe Publishing, 2005. Print.
Monagan, Sharmon Lynnette. “Patriarchy: Perpetuating the Practice of Female Genital Mutilation.” Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences Vol 2,.No 1 (2010): 160-181. Print.