What Role Special Needs Populations Play or Should Play in Disaster Response and Recovery Efforts
Registries vary in form, but in theory they all attempt to collect in one place the names, locations and contact information of people in a given area or jurisdiction who are likely to need assistance in evacuation, sheltering and care during major emergencies or disasters.
Specifically, this document should aid in developing an evacuation plan that includes the coordination of transportation resources to meet the requirements of people with special needs. The uS Department of Transportation’s (DOT’s) Federal highway Administration (FhWA) has developed the Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer Series to address various aspects of emergency transportation and evacuation. This primer focuses on special needs populations who require assistance during a local or multi-jurisdictional emergency evacuation. The primer series, as a whole, captures and catalogues transportation management and operations advancements that can improve evacuation planning and operations.
If facilities are not accessible, special needs issues cannot be incorporated into planning, response or recovery – whether a drill or real life response.
American Red Cross, Frequently Asked Questions, retrieved January 17, 2005
Byrnes, Michael & Davis, Elizabeth (2005). Preparedness for All: Why Including People with Disabilities in Drills is a Learning Tool: Interagency Chemical Exercise (I.C.E). International Association of Emergency Managers Bulletin, April vol. 22 (4) 7-8.
California State Independent Living Council, 2004, retrieved on May 25, 2005. The Impact of 2003 Wildfires on People with Disabilities, April 1, 2004.