The Treatment of White-Collar Cases: The DOJ Justice Manual
Such accountability deters future illegal activity, incentivizes changes in corporate behavior, ensures that the proper parties are held responsible for their actions, and promotes the public’s confidence in our justice system.
Hany experts have attempted to define "white collar crime." In general all the definitions that have been proposed since the term was first used in 1939, by sociologist Edwin H. Sutherland, can be divided into three different types: (1) thoDe using the characteristics of the offender as the definitional basis (e.g., "a white collar criminal is someone of high social standing who commits Q crime"); (2) t.hose definitions based on the characteristics of the crime committed (e.g., "a white collar crime is an illegal act committed in the course of one's business or professional activity"); and (3) those definitions using the means by which the crime was committed as the descriptive base (e.g., "an illegal act committed through intentional deceit, misrepresentation, or breach of trust").
Organizations Receiving Fines or Restitution by Primary Offense Category: Fiscal Year 2016, U.S. SENTENCING COMM’N (2016).
Rod Rosenstein, Deputy Att’y Gen., U.S. Dep’t of Justice, Keynote Address at New York University School of Law on Corporate Enforcement Policy
(Oct. 6, 2017).
Eric Holder, Att’y Gen., U.S. Dep’t of Justice, Remarks on Financial Fraud Prosecutions at New York University School of Law (Sept. 17, 2014).