Terrorism and Aviation Intelligence Gathering Chemical/Biological Warfare Weapons of Mass Destruction
The direct use of infectious agents and poisons against enemy personnel is an ancient practice in warfare. Indeed, in many conflicts, diseases have been responsible for more deaths than all the employed combat arms combined, even when they have not consciously been used as weapons.
In this way, war criminals once more became respected citizens, and some went on to found pharmaceutical companies. Ishii's successor, Masaji Kitano, even published postwar research articles on human experiments, replacing 'human' with 'monkey' when referring to the experiments in wartime China (Harris, 1992, 2002).
High yield explosives are included sometimes in a description of WMD within an acronym of CBRNE.
Harris S.H. (2002) Factories of Death. Japanese Biological Warfare, 1932-1945, and the American Cover-up, revised edn. Routledge, New York, USA.
Leitenberg M. (2001) Biological weapons in the twentieth century: a review and analysis. Crit. Rev. Microbiol., 27, 267–320.
Malakoff D. (2003) Researchers urged to self-censor sensitive data. Science 299, 321.