The Rise of the Right and End of the Cold War
During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Americans had long been wary of Soviet communism and concerned about Russian leader Joseph Stalin’s tyrannical rule of his own country. For their part, the Soviets resented the Americans’ decades-long refusal to treat the USSR as a legitimate part of the international community as well as their delayed entry into World War II, which resulted in the deaths of tens of millions of Russians. After the war ended, these grievances ripened into an overwhelming sense of mutual distrust and enmity.
The end of the Cold War is characteristically associated with the fall of the Soviet empire in the late 1989 in East Europe. Other scholars associate it with the fall of communism and the disintegration of the Soviet Union and of Communism in 1991. On the contrary, by reviewing literature from various scholars and by looking at important actions of observers and key international actors at the time, the Cold War basically ended during the spring of 1989, even before the above momentous events occurred. This indicates that the Cold War was majorly about conflict of ideologies, and not about the nuclear weapons, military, or even economic equilibrium between the West and the East, Communism as a method of governance, desire for democracy, capitalism, or even domination of Eastern Europe by the Soviet Union. Arguably, the end of the Cold War had nothing to do with these issues since it ended before any of them was really resolved. The demise of the Soviet Union completely transformed the world’s political and economic environment. In fact no other major conflict of interestingly dominated the post World War II the way the cold war did. Mikhail Gorbachev is the man credited with ending the cold war. However, this was not the greatest event was responsible for. The demise of the cold war was merely a by-product of the other major events Gorbachev was involved with-the death of communism in the USSR and the crumple of the USSR itself. Gorbachev as a communist reformer was selected General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in the year 1985. His appointment was as a result of the death of his three predecessors in three years i.e. Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko. Mikhial Gorbachev was appointed as General Secretary to replace the old guards. Externally, it seemed as a great superpower self destructed in just three months. The USSR’s collapse is of actually more complicated than this paper explains. The breakup of Soviet Union can be dated back to Gorbachev’s appointment and his foreign and domestic policies that were revolutionary. Gorbachev introduced a number of programs of reform. Gorbachev major reforms were perestroika, glasnost, and democratization.
Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union that had been going on ever since the end of the Second World War lasted for decades and involved all of the spheres of the life in these two countries (American History. 2000). The United States and the Soviet Union used to be allies in the times of the World War II, these two massive and powerful states never engaged into any kind of confrontation through their histories. At the end of 1940s the world was too scared of another all-consuming conflict. The most influential powers of the world were trying to avoid an eruption of a new armed confrontation that could lead to the third war; this tension gradually grew and led to the mutual suspicions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Both sides accused each other of having imperialistic moods and attempts of increasing their influence on the rest of the world. That was the beginning of the Cold War. The end of it was very brief. The confrontation that was developing for decades stopped its existing within just a couple of years. This happened because of several important economical and political factors that appeared all at the same time (Atomic Archive. 2013).
In sum, there are also leaks in nuclear export controls which have weakened the antiproliferation regime as made evident by the network of A. Q Khan how easy it actually was to obtain highly sensitive nuclear documents and materials. After the fall of the Soviet Union a wide spectrum of problems arose on the global arena which has resulted in the kind of chaos, both economic and military, faced by the world today. The fact remains that globalization remains an elusive phenomenon, leaving states to continuously struggle for peace and security in an increasingly insecure world.
Cold War: A Brief History. Atomic Archive. 2013. Web.
The End of the Cold War. American History. 2000. Web.