The Rise of the Right and End of the Cold War
Americans had long been wary of Soviet communism and concerned about Russian leader Joseph Stalin’s tyrannical rule of his own country. For their part, the Soviets resented the Americans’ decades-long refusal to treat the USSR as a legitimate part of the international community as well as their delayed entry into World War II, which resulted in the deaths of tens of millions of Russians. After the war ended, these grievances ripened into an overwhelming sense of mutual distrust and enmity.
However, this was not the greatest event was responsible for. The demise of the cold war was merely a by-product of the other major events Gorbachev was involved with-the death of communism in the USSR and the crumple of the USSR itself. Gorbachev as a communist reformer was selected General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in the year 1985. His appointment was as a result of the death of his three predecessors in three years i.e. Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko. Mikhial Gorbachev was appointed as General Secretary to replace the old guards. Externally, it seemed as a great superpower self destructed in just three months. The USSR’s collapse is of actually more complicated than this paper explains. The breakup of Soviet Union can be dated back to Gorbachev’s appointment and his foreign and domestic policies that were revolutionary. Gorbachev introduced a number of programs of reform. Gorbachev major reforms were perestroika, glasnost, and democratization.
The most influential powers of the world were trying to avoid an eruption of a new armed confrontation that could lead to the third war; this tension gradually grew and led to the mutual suspicions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Both sides accused each other of having imperialistic moods and attempts of increasing their influence on the rest of the world. That was the beginning of the Cold War. The end of it was very brief. The confrontation that was developing for decades stopped its existing within just a couple of years. This happened because of several important economical and political factors that appeared all at the same time (Atomic Archive. 2013).
The fact remains that globalization remains an elusive phenomenon, leaving states to continuously struggle for peace and security in an increasingly insecure world.
Cold War: A Brief History. Atomic Archive. 2013. Web.
The End of the Cold War. American History. 2000. Web.