The Counseling Aspects for Children With an Incarcerated Parent
The rate of mothers who are incarcerated has grown 122%. Currently, approximately half of all inmates have children. Commonly, these children have experienced disrupted living situations with more than one placement and a reduced quality of care. Most have limited financial resources and lack contact with parents.
As we know from other research literatures, meaningful social relationships may or may not exist between children and their non-resident parent. The extent to which incarceration disrupts the contact patterns between these non-residential parents and their children, as well as the effects of incarceration on children who were living with their parent at the time of imprisonment, are both issues that merits examination.
Some of these studies have focused on parent–child contact during parental incarceration, and these are reviewed later in this article.
Although child development theories are useful in exploring the effects of parental incarceration on children, research is needed to better understand how the effects of parental incarceration differ from other types of parent-child separations and other childhood trauma.
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