Reject the Argument That There Is No God Because There Is Too Much Suffering and Evil in the World
God's power is limited to what is possible; not even an omnipotent being has the power to do what is absolutely impossible. Thus, if there were some greater good that absolutely could not occur unless evil were permitted, it might well figure in God's reason to permit evil.
It is relevant that animals suffer, and that they did so before there were any persons to observe their suffering, and to feel sympathy for them. It is also relevant that, on the one hand, the suffering that people undergo apparently bears no relation to the moral quality of their lives, and, on the other, that it bears a very clear relation to the wealth and medical knowledge of the societies in which they live.
Any intellectual solution to the problem of evil will come to inevitable impasses. The ultimate solution is not intellectual but spiritual.
Reichenbach, Bruce R. (1976). “Natural Evils and Natural Law: A Theodicy for Natural Evils,” International Philosophical Quarterly, 16: 179–96.
Perkins, R. M. (1983). “An Atheistic Argument from the Improvability of the Universe,” Noûs, 17: 239–50
Pierce, C. S. (1903) “Abduction and Induction,” in Justus Buchler, ed., Philosophical Writings of C. S., Pierce (New York: Dover Publications, 1955), pp. 150–6. (The selection “Abduction and Induction” is a combination of different writings, with the crucial part being taken from Pierce’s Lectures on Pragmatism, delivered at Harvard in 1903.)
O’Connor, Timothy. 1995. “Agent Causation.” In Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will, Timothy O’Connor (ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, 173–200.
Swinburne, Richard (1979). The Existence of God, Oxford: Clarendon Press.