A Way the Film The Secret of Kells Illustrates "Moral Economy"
The circle that holds the arms of the cross can be seen as the overlaying of the old gods on the new faith. The underground world is shown in a megalithic tomb, many of which are still in Ireland. Some are believed older than the pyramids. On the winter solstice, the pre-Celtic people who built them designed them so the sun would light up the internal chamber. This showed the defeat of the darkness, the winter and the beginning of spring and better weather and hope for the harvest with the new light.”
The wall between the monastery (culture) and the forest (nature) symbolizes a border between these worlds. Pangur is the combination of culture and nature as well as an attempt to find harmony in art. With Brandon’s talent, nature integrated into culture through the artwork of the Book of Kells. The book is the symbol of knowledge and the need to pass it down from generation to generation.