Examples of the Ways in Which Men Are Rewarded for Being Fathers and Women Are Punished for Being Mothers in the Workplace
Mothers are less likely to be hired for jobs, to be perceived as competent at work or to be paid as much as their male colleagues with the same qualifications.
While women represent nearly half of the U.S. workforce, they still devote more time than men on average to housework and child care and fewer hours to paid work, although the gap has narrowed significantly over time. Among working parents of children younger than 18, mothers in 2013 spent an average of 14.2 hours per week on housework, compared with fathers’ 8.6 hours.
This means that caring for a child is an essential duty that the parent has to perform and that cannot be substituted for in any other way. This is especially true in cases where the child is one with special needs (Thyen et al., 1999; Yantzi et al., 2007).
What these policies may entail in the American context is an important debate American policymakers must address.
Wilson D. S. A New Look at the Affluent Worker: The Good Working Mother in Post-War Britain;Twentieth Century British History. 2006 17:206–299. Available at: http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/17/2/206 .
The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993. Public Law 103-3 Enacted February 5, 1993. [Accessed on 31 March 2008]. Available at: http://www.dol.gov/esa/regs/statutes/whd/fmla.htm .
Thyen U., Kuhlthau K., Perrin J.M. Employment, child care, and mental health of mothers caring for children assisted by technology. Pediatrics. 1999