Instructions How to Write

Anatomy Laboratory Report

TITLE:
Every laboratory report must have a title which is not so general that a reader will not be sure of what your report is about and not too specific as to make the title too lengthy and complicated. At most, the title will convey one or two separate ideas which describe the main idea(s) of the experiment.
INTRODUCTION
Every laboratory report must have a purpose which is typically one to two sentences long. The purpose should briefly describe what you intend to do in the experiment and what you are investigating or trying to accomplish. The introduction section of the report is the section in which you provide the reader with the necessary background information with which the reader will need to be familiar in order to understand your experiment. An important element of this section is statement of the hypothesis for your experiment.
MATERIALS and METHODS / EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
In this section, you describe what you did in the experiment so that anyone interested in doing the experiment would be able to figure out what to do from your descriptions and duplicate the experiment. Include all the information pertaining to experimental design (how the subjects were obtained, what controls were used, what measurements were taken, how data was analyzed, what statistical tests were used). The credibility of your scientific argument depends on how clearly and precisely you have outlined and justified your procedures. You may cite
the appropriate sections of the lab manual, noting any changes to the protocol. If you did not change anything in this section, you may just refer your reader to the lab manual without retyping it.
RESULTS
A presentation of your results of the experiment includes all of the data collected during the experiment, emphasizes important patterns and trends. Results should illustrate and support your thesis. Data must be neatly and logically arranged in charts, graphs, tables, etc. All graphs and figures should be named, numbered and appropriately labeled.
DISCUSSION / ANALYSIS / CONCLUSION
Following items need be addressed: restatement of the purpose of the lab, outline of key results, all the possible mechanisms of observed events, changes. Explain what the results mean. Are the results obtained what you expected? Provide answers to any questions that appear in the manual. Pay close attention to the deep physiological mechanisms (events on the membrane level, molecular changes causing the changes on the level of organs and organisms). An analysis of the lab is the section where the purpose and the results are compared to one another. This segment should address if the lab results are in an agreement with the purpose of the lab and with previously known from other sources phenomenon. Present possible explanations to any discrepancies or differences in the results, offer your ideas, interpretations. The discussion section is the most important part of your lab report and will be graded accordingly.
REFERENCES
List all the sources of information you used for investigating the main hypothesis, performing the experiment, explaining its results and making your conclusions. Failure to do so is plagiarism, it’s perhaps the most unacceptable breach of academic discipline, and will be considered as such, resulting in a zero grade for the whole assignment. Include your lab manual, textbook and Web sources. Do not forget to add the citations to the body of your report in the appropriate places (author’s last name, year of publication). In the bibliography itself, list the authors, year of publication, full title of the article or book, pagination.

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