Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau: Who’s Theory of Government Is Most Compatible With Biblical Principles?”
The sovereign would make and enforce the laws to secure a peaceful society, making life, liberty, and property possible. Hobbes called this agreement the “social contract.” Hobbes believed that a government headed by a king was the best form that the sovereign could take. Placing all power in the hands of a king would mean more resolute and consistent exercise of political authority, Hobbes argued. Hobbes also maintained that the social contract was an agreement only among the people and not between them and their king. Once the people had given absolute power to the king, they had no right to revolt against him. Hobbes warned against the church meddling with the king’s government. He feared religion could become a source of civil war. Thus, he advised that the church become a department of the king’s government, which would closely control all religious affairs. In any conflict between divine and royal law, Hobbes wrote, the individual should obey the king or choose death.
While Rousseau surmises that man, in his pure form is more of a savage than anything else, Hobbes states that man is driven by anxiety and fear as a path to “securing the way to theirfuture desires” (Berns, 1987, p. 399).
A monarchy is a form of autocracy one that also applies to places where a royal family rules the government. Overall there are many forms of government each of which are best for different peoples and countries.
Berns, L. (1987). Thomas Hobbes: 1588-1679. In L. Strauss & J. Cropsey (Eds.), History ofPolitical Philosophy (3rd ed.pp. 396-420). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
Bloom, A. (1987). Jean-Jacques Rousseau: 1712-1778. In L. Strauss & J. Cropsey (Eds.), History of Political Philosophy (3rd ed.pp. 559-579). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
Cahn, S. M. (2002). Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy. New York, NY: OxfordUniversity Press.