Summary of Chapter XVI of Conquest of Locke's Book Second Treatise of Government
Unjust conquest is always unjust in Locke's model, whether by petty thief or a despot. Locke then moves on to make provisions for the cases in which there is a lawful conquest (which he does not yet define). In lawful conquest, "The conqueror gets no power by his conquest over those that conquered with him." In other words, those that help the conqueror conquer cannot suffer from having given their aid; rather, they should benefit from it.
In the Letter Concerning Toleration, Locke denied that coercion should be used to bring people to (what the ruler believes is) the true religion and also denied that churches should have any coercive power over their members. Locke elaborated on these themes in his later political writings, such as the Second Letter on Toleration and Third Letter on Toleration. Perhaps the most central concept in Locke’s political philosophy is his theory of natural law and natural rights. The natural law concept existed long before Locke as a way of expressing the idea that there were certain moral truths that applied to all people, regardless of the particular place where they lived or the agreements they had made. The most important early contrast was between laws that were by nature, and thus generally applicable, and those that were conventional and operated only in those places where the particular convention had been established. This distinction is sometimes formulated as the difference between natural law and positive law.
The earth, and all that is therein, is given to men for the support and comfort of their being” (Locke, 18). However, there was one more point that could not but be mention while discussing Locke’s ides. He underlines the fact that human body and its movement are the property of a person, this is why all those efforts, which a person uses to make his/her life better and safer, and the results of this work belong to this person only. Such attention to human rights and their equal possibilities create numerous changes within the sphere of politics and economics. People should have enough grounds to believe that they have enough powers to live in this world and that “industrious and rational” will never be changed into “the covetousness of the quarrelsome and the contentious” (Locke, 21).This is why development is crucially important for both poor and rich people. Is it always good? Telling the truth, it is impossible to say that our development has positive outcomes only, this is why it is necessary to remember about the consequences before take some steps, which lead to development. John Locke was a powerful thinker and philosopher at the end of the 17th century. His ideas as for property development and the rights, which are inherent to any person cannot but attract the attention of many people. His beliefs that everything is divided by God, and nothing can be changed cause admiration of some people and lead to numerous misunderstandings from the others. If we take into consideration his ideas and use them to analyze the situation of modern South Florida, we will see that expressive real estate cannot be neglected. If people have possibilities, desire, and money, they get more and more property of different sizes. Locke could not agree with such unfairness, however, he lived during the 16th century, and we live and grow in the 21st century and should be ready to new changes and development. I do not want to underline that Locke’s ideas have nothing in common with our modern world, but still, his ideas were developed when money did not play a significant role in people’s life; and nowadays, money is considered to be a significant factor for human and property development.
Thus, revolution, in extremis, is permissible—as Locke obviously thought it was in 1688.
Locke, John. Second Treatise Government. Hackett Publishing, 1980.