Instructions How to Write

Non Core Teachers Profession Development

The introduction serves to engage the reader by discussing the overall research topic and background information to your proposed study. A good introduction should describe the broad foundations of your study and indicate the general scope of your study but should not go into so much detail that later sections such as the purpose, problem, and methodology become irrelevant.

Background of the Problem
This section should lead up to the statement of the problem in order to create the context of the problem for the readers. In this section, you will want to draw upon the origins of the issues from which the problem is based upon. Be sure to integrate appropriate references to evidence the existence of a problem. Your discussion should reflect why the research problem is of important social concern or theoretical interest. This section is typically several pages in length.

Problem Statement
This section must clearly identify the problem. Include the phrase “The problem is…” to allow the reader to distinguish the issue driving the study. The problem must be supported with citations. A researchable problem is not simply a gap in the literature or a lack of information; a research problem is a documented existing social issue for which there is not a known solution or an effective solution. Review the CDS Dissertation Guide Problem Statement section associated with your selected design to ensure that this section aligns with your design. This section is typically brief at less than one page in length.

Purpose of the Study
This section should concisely explain the focus of your study. Begin this section with the method and design you have selected and provide a clear statement of the research objectives of your study. Provide a brief description of the means through which the goals of your study will be achieved and the geographic location of the study. When conducting a case study, which requires multiple sources of data, ensure that those sources are identified. For quantitative or mixed method designs include the study variables and instruments to be used to collect the data. Review the Purpose Statement section associated with your selected design to ensure that this section aligns with your design. This section is typically brief at less than one page in length.

Population and Sample
Describe the population by discussing the criteria that you will use for your study participants. Also, briefly discuss your sampling type and sample size. If your study will not include participants or primary data, then briefly explain your proposed sources of data.

Significance of the Study
The significance sections explain why the study is a unique approach to the problem to be investigated, potential benefit/benefactors from the proposed study, and the ways in which the study results might make an original contribution to the field. Discuss why this study important and to whom. Describe the potential contribution this research may make to current and future studies and thought and how the results of this research might add to leadership knowledge and literature. Review the Significance of the Study section associated with your selected design to ensure that this section aligns with your design. This section is typically brief at less than one page in length.

Nature of the Study
This section should include a description of the general means through which the goals of the study will be achieved. In this section, you will present a synopsis and justification of the research method and design for your study. Provide an overview discussion of the research method (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed) and the appropriateness of the method for addressing the purpose of the study. Additionally, discuss why your proposal research design is more appropriate than two or three other possible research designs. For studies with a specific type, such as a case study, also support the selected type. Also provide a brief overview of the proposed instrumentation, data collection, and data analysis. This section is typically 1 to 3 pages in length.

Research Questions/Hypotheses
(Only include “hypotheses” in the heading if applicable)
In this section you will state your research questions and sub-questions, if appropriate. Please number the questions such as R1, R2, and so forth. Qualitative studies require at least two research questions and typically include about four. For quantitative studies include at least two sets of hypotheses. Review the CDS Dissertation Guide Research Questions/Hypotheses section associated with your selected design for specific information.

Theoretical or Conceptual Framework
(One or the other—delete either theoretical or conceptual from the heading)
The framework should place the study in perspective among existing theories or conceptual models and provide a framework related to the research topic. The discussion should reflect the broad theoretical area under which the research falls and reflect familiarity with germinal and current theories in the field. Remember that a theoretical framework is typically used for a quantitative study to model the theoretical relationships between the variables; a conceptual framework is typically used for a qualitative study and consists of several theories that underpin the topic. The framework should only introduce readers to the relevant theories; this discussion will be expanded in Chapter 2.

Definition of Terms
This section is only required if any operational terms or words are used in a unique way in this study. Any definitions must be supported with citations.

Assumptions, Limitations, and Delimitations
State any assumptions that you will be using as a basis for your study. Limitations are issues that the researcher cannot control. In contrast, delimitations define how you are choosing to control or scope your research. Also mention generalizability of the study findings. Note that qualitative studies are not generalizable to the population.

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