Instructions How to Write

Critical Essay on Health Care Literature

Choose one and only one of the following readings:

1) Brock: "Voluntary Active Euthanasia"

2) Callahan: "When Self-Determination Runs Amok"

3) Arras: "Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Tragic View"

4) Rachels: "Active and Passive Euthanasia"

5) Daniels: "Is There a Right to Health care and, if So, What Does It Encompass?"

6) Engelhardt Jr.: "Rights to Health Care, Social Justice, and Fairness in Health Care Allocations: Frustrations in the Face of Finitude"

All of these readings contain arguments. Since this is a critical essay, choose the author that you believe has the weakest argument. This is a two part essay. In part one you will give a general summary of the author's argument. The first thing you should ask yourself is, "What is the author attempting to prove?" That will be the conclusion of the author's argument. Then you will explain how the author attempts to prove that conclusion. The reasons in support of the conclusion are the premises of the argument. You will also need to explain how any of the five basic moral principles of bioethics or any of the three objective moral theories (utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, or virtue ethics) relate to the authors view. Then in part two, you will raise objections to the author's argument. When we raise objections to arguments, we can do one of to things: 1) We can dispute the truth of the premises; 2) We can show that even if the premises are true, the conclusion does not follow. Be sure to explain your objections in full detail. Give moral principles or theories that support your objections. Be sure to give examples to help explain your objections.

Part I: Begin by telling me which of the readings you will be evaluating. Next, give the author’s overall conclusion to his/her argument. Then summarize the author's support for the conclusion. Be sure to include any moral principles or theories that would support the author’s view. Remember to present the argument in its strongest form. Be sure to include any objections the author might raise to their own view and their response to those objections (not every reading will contain objections to the author’s view.)

Part II: Give at least one strong objection to the author’s view. You can either explain why one or more of the author’s premises are false or explain why the author’s conclusion does not follow from the premises. You will need to give moral principles or theories that help support your objections. Be sure to give specific examples to help explain your objections. You may not use an objection presented by the author, unless you are criticizing the author’s response to that objection.

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