Which Authors Were Known for Their Christian Views?
The gospels are not biographies in the modern sense of the word. Rather, they are stories told in such a way as to evoke a certain image of Jesus for a particular audience. They're trying to convey a message about Jesus, about his significance to the audience and thus we we have to think of them as a kind of preaching, as well as story telling. That's what the gospel, The Good News, is really all about. The four gospels that we find in the New Testament, are of course, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The first three of these are usually referred to as the "synoptic gospels," because they look at things in a similar way, or they are similar in the way that they tell the story.
Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in the world, with more than 2 billion followers. The Christian faith centers on beliefs regarding the birth, life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. While it started with a small group of adherents, many historians regard the spread and adoption of Christianity throughout the world as one of the most successful spiritual missions in human history. Christians are monotheistic, i.e., they believe there’s only one God, and he created the heavens and the earth. This divine Godhead consists of three parts: the father (God himself), the son (Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit. The essence of Christianity revolves around the life, death and Christian beliefs on the resurrection of Jesus. Christians believe God sent his son Jesus, the messiah, to save the world. They believe Jesus was crucified on a cross to offer the forgiveness of sins and was resurrected three days after his death before ascending to heaven. Christians contend that Jesus will return to earth again in what’s known as the Second Coming. The Holy Bible includes important scriptures that outline Jesus’s teachings, the lives and teachings of major prophets and disciples, and offer instructions for how Christians should live. Both Christians and Jews follow the Old Testament of the Bible, but Christians also embrace the New Testament. The cross is a symbol of Christianity. The most important Christian holidays are Christmas (which celebrates the birth of Jesus) and Easter (which commemorates the resurrection of Jesus). Most historians believe that Jesus was a real person who was born between 2 B.C. and 7 B.C. Much of what scholars know about Jesus comes from the New Testament of the Christian Bible. According to the text, Jesus was born to a young Jewish virgin named Mary in the town of Bethlehem, south of Jerusalem in modern-day Palestine. Christians believe the conception was a supernatural event, with God impregnating Mary via the Holy Spirit. Very little is known about Jesus’s childhood. Scriptures reveal that he grew up in Nazareth, he and his family fled persecution from King Herod and moved to Egypt, and his “earthly” father, Joseph, was a carpenter. Jesus was raised Jewish, and according to most scholars, he aimed to reform Judaism—not create a new religion.
This story is a brilliant example of allegory for Christianity. Maybe, not every reader can understand from the very beginning that all the characters of The Chronicles of Narnia have something in common with the biblical characters. Aslan represents Jesus Christ, the White Witch is considered to be Satan who tempted Judas (in the story this is Edmund). In order to save Edmund, Aslan sacrificed himself and resuscitated. It is necessary to admit the appearance of Father Christmas in the story, who inspired the major characters. It was an allegory to the Holy Spirit, who brought gifts to those people who believed in Christian spirituality. Such an idea is great indeed. Not every reader knows about Lewis’s Christian faith and his late coming to believe. In this story, Lewis underlines that it is never too late to believe and be forgiven. People always have time to analyze their actions and find the necessary way to follow. There will be always people who may help to realize where the truth is. For Lewis, it was Tolkien, and for Edmund, it was Aslan, his brother, and sisters. The main message that Lewis wanted to represent in his works is the fact that people have to believe in something. When a person has nothing to believe in, someone else can use him/her and make something evil. “Quite often people are drawn to Christian spirituality due to their questions about life, God, and the search for meaning in life.” (Perrin 7) This is what Lewis intended to write about. Writing such fantastic works about Narnia, its habitants, and the troubles they face is a good way to show that “true spirituality consists in the pursuit of God, and not allowing our desire to become attached to anything or anyone else.” (McGrath 90) It does not matter what form God prefers to choose this time, the major point is not to miss a chance and be saved.
To summarize, if most people are not concerned with defining the essence of Christianity, in practice they must come to terms with what the word essence implies. Whether they are engaged in being saved or redeemed on the one hand, or thinking and speaking about that redemption, its agent, and its meaning on the other, they are concentrating on the essence of their experience. Those who have concentrated from within the faith tradition have also helped to give it its identity. It is not possible to speak of the essence of a historical tradition without referring to how its ideal qualities have been discussed through the ages. Yet one can take up the separate subjects of essence and identity in sequence, being always aware of how they interrelate.
Duriez, Colin. A Field Guide to Narnia. InterVarsity Press, 2004.
Edwards, Bruce L. C. S. Lewis: Life, Works, and Legacy. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007.
McGrath, Alister E. Christianity Spirituality: an Introduction. Wiley-Blackwell, 1999.
Perrin, David B. Studying Christian Spirituality. Routledge, 2007.