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Workplace Violence in the United States

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Workplace Violence statics across the United States of America have been on a steady rise each year since the early 1990’s. Reports have consistently shown in recent years that than an average of 500 homicides and 1.5 million assaults occur each year in America, in the workplace. With those types of statics on the rise in America it’s clear that a Workplace Violence Program is essential to the health, welfare, safety, and security of our employees in the workplace. When enacting a Workplace Violence Program it is the goal of the company to help employees become more proactive in the efforts of identifying possible violent situations, as well as minimize the risk of the employees becoming injured or even killed in the workplace.

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The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines workplace violence as violent acts directed toward persons at work or on duty. Workplace violence is any physical assault, threatening behavior, or verbal abuse occurring in the work setting. A work setting is defined as any location, either permanent or temporary, where an employee performs work-related duties. This comprises, but is not limited to, the buildings and surrounding perimeters, including the parking lots, field locations, clients’ homes, and traveling to and from work assignments. Workplace violence ranges mostly, from unpleasant or threatening language to homicide. Elements of workplace violence includes beatings, stabbings, suicides, shootings, rapes, psychological traumas, threats or obscene phone calls, fear, irritation of any kind, as well as being confirmed at, shouted at, or followed. Nurses are at the most risk of workplace violence among health care providers .Violence inflicted on employees may come from many sources external parties such as robbers or muggers and internal parties such as coworkers and patients. There are many risk factor of work violence which affecting in nursing in this essay will discuss type of violence and how to prevent the violence in work place. The reasons for workplace violence and stress are identified at organizational, societal and individual levels, showing complex interrelationships. The accumulation of stress and tension in demanding health occupations — under strain from societal problems and the pressure of health system reforms contribute to emerging violence. At an individual level, health workers tend to rank the personality of patients as the leading factor generating violence, followed by the social and economic situation in the country and, well behind, work organization and working conditions. However, when categorized into individual, societal and organizational factors, all three contributing factors appear to be of equal importance in the analysis of risks of violence and stress, with organizational factors playing a key role. Nursing to nursing which nurse are often the first line of victims. This act of violence can include spousal abuse and child and elderly abuse. Other to nurse which violence toward health care professional is extensive, and nurse are frequency the victims. The perpetrators can include patient. Patient families and other health care worker. Nurse to nurse who is difficult for nurses to discuss violence against other nurse.horizantal aggression is define as aggressive behavior that one registered nurse commits against another in the work place.

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Workplace violence is a growing social problem and is recognized as “a critical safety and health hazard” (Chenier, 1998, p. 558).Injury caused by accidents and violence in the work environment have been regarded as a significant social problem. Healthcare providers particularly nurses are the most common victims of workplace violence (Di Martino, 2002; Henderson 2003 as cited in Chapman et al., 2010). As an outcome of workplace violence, some leave the profession earlier than expected (Farrell et al., 2006 as cited in Chapman et al., p. 186) but many embrace their job and care for patients and they have to take the risk of being a continual victim by patients who are the most common perpetrators of workplace violence. Some patients are bullies and nurses can do nothing to defend themselves (Chapman et al., p. 186). WPV threatens the health of workers who succumb to stress, depression, and absenteeism. Weng-Chin et al. (2010) posit that this trend can lead to shortage of health workers and undermine health services in urban and rural areas. Psychiatric wards and departments are seen as the most frequent places for WPV, particularly physical violence, and nurses are an easy prey. Some of the nurses feel that WPV is a part of their job, but even then they feel helpless and incompetent in their job because they are hurt physically and emotionally. Nurse-victims react by avoiding patients, which can disrupt their job of providing health to psychiatric patients (Wen-Ching et al., 2010).

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Usually, this can be a separate workplace violence prevention program or can be incorporated into a safety and health program, employee handbook, or manual of standard operating procedures. It is critical to ensure that all workers know the policy and understand that all claims of workplace violence will be investigated and remedied promptly. In addition, OSHA encourages employers to develop additional methods as necessary to protect employees in high risk industries.

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Chenier, E. (1998). The workplace: A battleground for violence. Public Personnel Management, 27(4), 557-568. Web.

Fujishiro, K., Gee, G., & de Castro, A. (2011). Associations of workplace aggression with work-related well-being among nurses in the Philippines. American Journal of Public Health, 101(5), 861-867. Web.

Hershcovis, M., Reich, T., Parker, S., & Bozeman, J. (2012). The relationship between workplace aggression and target deviant behavior: The moderating roles and task interdependence. Work & Stress, 26(1), 1-20.

Niven, K., Sprigg, C., Armitage, C., & Satchwell, A. (2013). Ruminative thinking exacerbates the negative effects of workplace violence. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 86(1), 67-84. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.2012.02066.x

Spector, P., Coulter, M., Stockwell, H., & Matz, W. (2007). Perceived violence climate: A new construct and its relationship to workplace physical violence and verbal aggression, and their potential consequences. Work & Stress, 21(2), 117-130.

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Workplace Violence in the United States
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