Global Business Cultural Analysis
A social research conducted in Chile designed to collect information about the local culture in its relation to business making process showed very high level of uncertainty avoidance in the Chilean society. This dimension stands for the social desire to reduce the level of probability of unexpected outcomes. Chileans do not like facing uncertain future; this is why their state is based on strict and clear policies, laws and rules. All of these regulations are adopted and carefully followed. Besides, the research has pointed out the low level of individualism in the Chilean society, which makes Chilean people collectivists fond of being parts of their groups.
The modern Japanese society can be divided into six social groups; i.e.,the Imperial Family, Nobility, Upper Middle Class, Lower Middle Class, Industrial Proletariat, and Peasants. The Imperial Family is not a ruling position, but more of a symbolic position. The second highest group is the Nobility group, which is divided into three sub-groups. The highest in the order are descendants of the old court nobility called the Kuge. They also have little political power. Next is the Daimyo group, who are descendants of the dukes and counts that ruled after the seventeenth century. The final nobility group is the New Nobility. These are people who were ennobled since 1868. A large part of this group is the descendants of the Samurai. Many of the people in this group have moved up from lower social groups to this position. Out of all the nobility groups the New Nobility group has the most power in modern Japan. The Upper Middle Class can be divided into two sub-groups, the gentleman group and the top-ranking civil servants. The gentleman group mainly consists of those who have graduated from a university. The top-ranking civil servants gain their prestige through being in governmental service. The lower middle class includes people like shopkeepers and white collar workers. The industrial proletariats are from the rural population that came to the city to become industrial workers. The peasants have very little and do not have much social standing. The armed forces are not included in the general social structure. The armed forces provide a way to move up socially in a different social group by ranking up. Women in modern Japan have the same legal rights as men. When it comes to family life though, women are expected to be house wives and take care of the children. Japanese business ethics reflect their culture and religion. Japanese workers are expected to be subordinate to their companies and the companies in turn are expected to be subordinate to their nation. A sub-group may be ridiculed or punished as an unethical entity if it violates the expectations of the next larger group in the chain. These group ethics only apply to their individual groups or spheres. They are not expected to have the same ethical consideration to other rival corporations or foreigners. Japanese businesses are expected to work diligently to create mutually beneficial transactions. If they fail to do so they will face consequences and even sanctions.
Globalization rest at the foundation of modern culture; cultural practices reside at the core of globalization, so what does globalization mean for Japan. This is the reciprocal relationship in which I will try to explain that is taking place within the country of Japan. I will explore how political, economic, social and cultural aspects of this nation affected business in Japan. While addressing how these major elements and dimensions of culture in Japan are integrated by locals conducting business, a comparison of culture and business of Japan and the United States, and finally implications for US businesses that wish to conduct business in Japan. Japan is nation infused with rich culture andcenturies of history and in order to be successful in a business adventure there it is important that whatever foreign country understand the Japanese culture as well as history. This is a key factor in the success of foreign nations doing business in Japan because; the Japanese tend to be culturally influenced in their views as they pertain to, society rules and business standards. Therefore it is detrimental to know the precise rules to engagement for doing business in Japan ( The Economist, 2005) Although Japan is heavily cultured in the aspect of society rules and business standards, Japan is grasp the concept of globalization. Japan’s notion of globalization is similar to many other nations. The country shares in the ideal creating wealth and filling the desire of one’s carnal needs are looked upon asbeing "good, pure, and natural"-an adaptation of Buddhist teachings to the local cultural context (Hatoyama, 2009) The archipelago (chain of islands) located of eastern cost of Asia; which are known as Japan is inhabited by over 123 million Japanese(Nihonjin, Nipponjin). Japan is ranked number seven in terms of largest population in the world. Although, Japan’s inhabitants are increasing in age; with average lifespanned from birth to death being 75.91 years for men and 81.77 years for women (Nihonjin, Nipponjin). Japan’s population is ageing out and the birth rate is insufficientto replace Japan’s present-day population. Japan is comprises of four main islands— starting with the northern island Hokkaido moving on south to Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. These island that make of Japan inhabits lessthan 0.3 percent of the land mass provide here on earth and compared to the United States Japan is only one twenty-fifth the size of the United States.Japan is positioned with-in a temperate zone that located northeastern end of the monsoon region, and is inclined to four different meteorological conditions a year. There is a profuse amount of rainfall that fall’s each yearin Japan, as well the nation is subject to frequent earthquakes. In late summer Japan is at high risk for to typhoons. The geographic blueprint of Japan is cover by several rugged mountain chains, in which many of them are active volcanoes. These mountain chains are massive; they cover more than 72 percent of Japan’s total terrain (Nihonjin, Nipponjin). Along with that Japan hasabundance of rapid, shallow rivers that streams from the mountain tops, down into the ocean. This leaves Japan withbarely any terrain for agriculture production, which account for over 14 percent in this present day; residences and Japan’s infrastructuresaccount for another 7 percent. This leaves most of Japan countryside coated by thick, cultivated woodlands.
After all, in Turkey however, it seems that while equal social and political rights are given, traditional expectations that define gender-based roles are still very prominent in business. Social stratification and linguistic differences also affects businesses among Turks. As such, U.S. businesses who plan to conduct businesses in Turkey should first analyze the cultural differences. Such will allow them to prepare a more structured approach to address the needs and demands of the Turk market and business sector.
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