What Are Some of the Reasons Why an Argument Might Omit Information?
What is viewed as evidence in one academic discipline is not always viewed as evidence in others. In some fields in the humanities or social sciences, logic and rhetoric are forms of evidence. In the field of psychology, however, evidence is in the form of empirical research results: data becomes evidence once it is evaluated in the context of a hypothesis.
Eyewitness testimony is considered a legal expression. It refers to an account given by an individual, of a selective occurrence that they have formerly witnessed. The criminal system alone relies profoundly on an individual’s eyewitness testimony for investigating and prosecuting crimes. Thousands of individuals have been faced with criminal ligation as a consequence of questionable memories. The unreliability of an individual’s eyewitness testimony poses a critical aftermath in the administration of criminal justice. It is well established that information that is encountered following an event can alter subsequent retention of that event. Conjointly, in the aftermath of an event, any erroneous information can derail a police investigation; as focus may be put on an innocent individual while the actual culprit remains unidentified. Memory operates in three principle stages. The strategies which are associated in the retrieval of memory accurately involve; encoding, storing and retrieval. Information from an environment must be encoded before entering into the working brain; once the information is encoded it then requires being reserved within the brain. The information can be stored in the short-term memory or consequent to rehearsal and alternative components moved into the long-term memory. The information can then be retrieved from the brain when desired. When a complex incident is cultivated, it is suspected that some of the features of the event are extracted and stored. The eyewitness must decide which aspects of the visual stimulus they should attend to and therefore encode and store that knowledge. Our visual environment contains a tremendous amount of information, and only a small proportion of that information is actually perceived.
In either case, a lie is not in the words or the lack of words, it's in the intention of the deceiver; the intent is to elicit a specific response from the asker. Is an omission only a lie when there is an expectation of a truthful answer to a question, where the answer was deliberately used to obfuscate the truth? A deliberate omission can be considered a lie if the lack of information alters outcomes, be it discernment or decision. You do not owe everyone your innermost life story, but if you are withholding relevant information in order to sway a person’s judgment in some way, then it appears you are in fact lying to him or her.