What Are Some of the Reasons Why an Argument Might Omit Information?
In the field of psychology, however, evidence is in the form of empirical research results: data becomes evidence once it is evaluated in the context of a hypothesis.
The information can be stored in the short-term memory or consequent to rehearsal and alternative components moved into the long-term memory. The information can then be retrieved from the brain when desired. When a complex incident is cultivated, it is suspected that some of the features of the event are extracted and stored. The eyewitness must decide which aspects of the visual stimulus they should attend to and therefore encode and store that knowledge. Our visual environment contains a tremendous amount of information, and only a small proportion of that information is actually perceived.
You do not owe everyone your innermost life story, but if you are withholding relevant information in order to sway a person’s judgment in some way, then it appears you are in fact lying to him or her.