Are There Differences Between Healthcare "Needs" and "Wants" in Low Socioeconomic Populations?
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So, in describing the principles of health economics, we are really setting out the principles of economics and how they might be interpreted in the context of health and health care. Health economics is the application of economic theory, models and empirical techniques to the analysis of decision-making by individuals, health care providers and governments with respect to health and health care.
Recognizing these differences is important for understanding the healthcare system we have as well as for imagining systems we could have. The proper scope of government intervention in the healthcare system is a topic of continuing political debate. We won’t go into the details of that debate here. But this basic introduction to the economics of healthcare should help you become a more informed participant in what will surely be an ongoing national discussion for many years to come.Healthcare is not the only good or service in the economy that departs from the standard model of supply, demand, and the invisible hand. But healthcare may be the most important good or service that departs so radically from this benchmark. Examining the special features of this market is a good starting point for understanding why the government plays a large role in the provision of healthcare and why health policy is often complex and vexing.
Yet there is a growing body of evidence indicating that PLPs receive the least amount of healthcare (known as the inverse care law). PLPs are less likely to have a family physician and to obtain preventive and secondary care, and more likely to report negative experiences of care. Compared to moderate and high-income populations, PLPs experience greater need for support to access preventive care and improved care experiences. Yet adequately responding to these needs is often challenging for front-line healthcare providers (HCPs), specifically family physicians and primary care teams (Reid C., 2007).
The immigration eligibility rules that apply in the individual market FFMs don't apply in an FF-SHOP Marketplace.
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Mercer SW, Cawston PG, Bikker AP. Quality in general practice consultations; a qualitative study of the views of patients living in an area of high socio-economic deprivation in Scotland. BMC Fam Pract. 2007
Dixon-Woods M, Cavers D, Agarwal S, Annandale E, Arthur A, Harvey J, et al. Conducting a critical interpretive synthesis of the literature on access to healthcare by vulnerable groups. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2006