The Past vs the Present Private Security Before and After 9/11
Americans should also consider how to do it-organizing their government in a different way.
The first director was the President’s good friend, Governor Tom Ridge of Pennsylvania, who was given full public backing by President Bush to take whatever steps necessary to protect the United States from the threat of terrorism. The President also created a “Homeland Security Council,” the anti-terrorism counterpart to the National Security Council. To go along with these new institutional arrangements, there was a new homeland security budget, amounting to several tens of billions of dollars. By July of 2002, the White House had issued a formal document outlining “National Strategy for Homeland Security,” that describes in some detail the objectives and aspirations of this new national initiative (Shane Harris, 2003).
Suddenly, we were vulnerable. Not just to disease, tornadoes, accidents, or criminals, but to the kinds of enemies that had always threatened others but never us.
National Strategy for Homeland Security, p. 16.
Judith Miller, “Departing Security Official Issues Warning,” New York Times, February 2, 2003.
Shane Harris, “Senator seeks ban on Defense, Homeland Security Data Mining,” GovExec.com, January 16, 2003.