Massive Blood Transfusion Complications
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Circulatory: circulatory changes include changes in blood pressure, tachycardia, arrhythmia, bleeding, blood in urine, and increase in bleeding tendencies. Pulmonary: pulmonary features include shortness of breath, dyspnea, wheezing, cough, and changes on chest X-ray.
Finally, the hospital blood bank should realize that the fixed blood component ratio measures would improve the access to blood components, reduce mortality, and decrease unnecessary blood component utilization.
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