Two Key Ways in Which Liberalism and Marxism Differ and the Implications of These Differences for Our Understanding of International Relations
This also means that if the industrial revolution (and capitalism in general) smells of burning coal, overcrowded factories and petrol fumes, the smells of the next revolution should be less deadly, less polluting and more protective of the earth.
Liberalism also gives individuals the opportunity to follow their own initiatives (Evans and Newnham 1998, p.46). According to Evans & Newnham (1998 p.61) liberalism is founded on four core beliefs in international relations. Liberalism believes that peace can be best achieved by developing and strengthening democratic institutions on a global basis.
Doing this would be impossible if we were to deny theory-as-ideologies exist, or if we overlook how deeply implicated in ideological structures our modern way of living and thinking are. Nothing is gained by rejecting the isms unless we at first understand the complexity of what it is we are rejecting. The isms may be evil, but we must pay due homage to them in order to develop the critical reflection we need to move beyond them.
Evans, G., & Newnham, J., 1998, The Penguin dictionary of international relations. New York: Penguin.
Garrett, G., 2000, Shrinking states? Globalization and national autonomy. In the political economy of globalization. ed. Ngaire Woods, 107-46. London: Macmillan.
Harvey, D., 1999, Limits to Capital. London: Verso. Pp. 239-324.