Two Key Ways in Which Liberalism and Marxism Differ and the Implications of These Differences for Our Understanding of International Relations
Liberal theory also points to the fact that despite the condition of anarchy in the world, most nations are not at war, most of the time. So the idea that international relations must be conducted as though one were always under the threat of attack isn’t necessarily indicative of reality.
Liberalism calls for commitment to tolerance as well as giving opportunity for right self-determination by citizens. It favors constitutional government which expresses the people’s democracy and that which applies collective rule of law. Liberalism requires that citizens in a state be given the opportunity to realise intellectual and economic liberty; this should form the basis for political order which applies minimal government regulation. In this case, the government’s role is to protect and promote the citizens economic and intellectual liberty. Liberalism also gives individuals the opportunity to follow their own initiatives (Evans and Newnham 1998, p.46). According to Evans & Newnham (1998 p.61) liberalism is founded on four core beliefs in international relations. Liberalism believes that peace can be best achieved by developing and strengthening democratic institutions on a global basis.
The isms may be evil, but we must pay due homage to them in order to develop the critical reflection we need to move beyond them.
Evans, G., & Newnham, J., 1998, The Penguin dictionary of international relations. New York: Penguin.
Garrett, G., 2000, Shrinking states? Globalization and national autonomy. In the political economy of globalization. ed. Ngaire Woods, 107-46. London: Macmillan.
Harvey, D., 1999, Limits to Capital. London: Verso. Pp. 239-324.