Iza Duffus Hardy's "Oranges and Alligators: Sketches of South Florida Life": Why Do the Writers Feel That People Should Move to Florida Souces
Two Sides of the Shield — December Sunshine — Guavas and Grape-fruit — Our Winter Paradise — The British Colony — Our Compatriots and their Doings. Florida is the best lied-about State in the Union! Observed a Northern tourist who had spent some few days in the State.
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Tuttle helped build the first Episcopalian church in the city, and she encouraged Flagler to help pay for the first Presbyterian Church. They both helped sponsor large tent churches for other denominations. By encouraging the growth of churches, Flagler and Tuttle hoped to bring stability to a frontier community in which courts and the legal system were not always reliable. Beyond Christian denominations, Miami also attracted a large number of Jewish immigrants (Sessa, 1923). Among the 16 original merchants, all but 4 were Jewish. When the local sheriff arrested the merchants for opening their stores on Sunday, leaders throughout the community protested until the men were released. Their actions helped establish an open religious environment throughout Miami. As 1896 was coming to a close, Miami started to resemble a community for the first time. When locals went to bed on Christmas Eve, the Royal Palm was well on its way to being completed, the downtown had largely started to take shape, homes had begun to sprout up, and everyone eagerly awaited the opening of the tourist season in January (Sewell, 2008).
In summary, while tourism largely lost its moral imperative by 1905, the underlying zeal and thrust of the industry remained; so too did the unique cooperative relationship between the state, its many varied businesses, and its larger agricultural interest. From the cooperative energies of these various groups, they worked together to turn Florida into the leading tourist destination in the U.S., and through their continued efforts, they continue to reinvent notions of pleasure and paradise to sustain the state’s position as a leading vacation resort.
Sessa, Frank B. “Miami on the Eve of the Boom: 1923” Tequesta. Number 11 (1951), 1-25.
Sewell, John. Miami Memoirs. Miami: Arva Parks and Co, 2008.
Shaffer, Marguerite S. See America First: Tourism and National Identity, 1880-1940. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000.