Concept Map Care Plan ( Inverted Nipples)
WHAT ARE CONCEPT MAP CARE PLANS?
A concept map care plan is a diagram of patient problems, supporting data, interventions and evaluations. Your ideas about patient problems are the “concepts” that will be diagrammed. These maps are used to organize patient data, analyze relationships in the data, and enable you to take a holistic view of the patient’s situation. Concept mapping requires critical thinking to analyze relationships in clinical data. Critical thinking and clinical reasoning are used to formulate clinical judgments and decisions about nursing care. The important ideas that must be linked together during concept map care planning are the medical and nursing diagnoses along with all the pertinent clinical data. Through concept mapping of diagnoses and clinical data, you can evaluate what you know about the care of your patient and what further information you need in order to provide safe and effective nursing care.
STEPS IN CONCEPT MAP CARE PLANNING
The steps of the nursing process (assessing, diagnosing, planning, implementing, and
evaluating nursing care) are related to the development of concept map care plans.
Before developing a concept map, the first thing you must do is gather clinical data. This
step corresponds to the assessment phase of the nursing process. You must review the
patient’s chart to determine his current health problem(s), medical history, physical
assessment findings, prescribed medications, diagnostic measures, and treatments
In order to collect this data, the Patient Data Base form should be completed. This
assessment tool becomes the basis for your concept map.
STEP 1: DEVELOP A BASIC SKELETON DIAGRAM
The initial diagram is composed of clinical impressions you make after reviewing all of
the data. Write the patient’s reason for admission (usually a medical diagnosis) in the
circle at the top of the page. Next think of the general problems that represent the
patient’s responses to his medical diagnosis, such as problems breathing. Once you have
decided the top five problems, formulate a nursing diagnosis and write them in the boxes below the central medical diagnosis. In the small box above each nursing diagnosis, prioritize the problems by writing the appropriate number.
STEP 2: ANALYZE AND CATEGORIZE DATA
In this step you must analyze and categorize the patient data you have collected. This
categorization provides evidence to support the medical diagnosis and general nursing
diagnosis. Group the most important data related to the patient’s medical diagnosis in the top circle. This would include data such as past medical history. Then group clinical
assessment data, treatments, medications, diagnostic data, and medical history data
related to the nursing diagnosis in the appropriate nursing diagnosis box. If you do not
know where a piece of data should go but think it is important, list it off to the side of the
map and ask for clarification from your peers or instructor. If a piece of data is relevant
to more than one problem area, you may repeat that data in different boxes.
STEP 3: IDENTIFY GOALS AND INTERVENTIONS
Below each nursing diagnosis, formulate a realistic goal that can be achieved within the time frame of the patient’s admission. Make sure the goal is measurable. In the boxes labeled “intervention”, write down 4-6 nursing interventions, which will lead to goal achievement. This step corresponds to the planning phase of the nursing process. You should list the interventions you plan to provide for the patient during the time you are caring for them. The interventions include key areas of assessment and other therapeutic interventions such as teaching or therapeutic communication. While you do not need to write down rationales for each intervention, you should be prepared to state them verbally if asked.
STEP 4 EVALUATE PATIENT RESPONSES
After you have carried out your therapeutic nursing interventions, evaluate how effective
this plan has been and whether your goals have been achieved. Be sure to include the
data that supports whether or not you have achieved your goal. Include any revisions or
recommendations you would make to achieve the desired goal.
STEP 5 LINKING THE DATA
In this last step you must link nursing diagnoses together to show their interrelatedness,
thus providing a holistic view of the patient. This can be done by drawing dotted lines
between the nursing diagnoses that impact one another. When the same assessment data is placed under more than one nursing diagnosis, these concepts are related. Upon
completion, this tool will allow you to look at your patient in a holistic way, utilizing