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Chronic Homelessness

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Supportive housing includes a range of approaches that include single sites (housing developments or apartment buildings in which units are designated as supportive housing) or scattered site programs in which participants often use rent subsidies to obtain housing from private landlords and supportive services may be provided through home visits. Services in supportive housing are flexible and primarily focused on the outcome of housing stability, often delivered by case managers and/or inter‐disciplinary teams, and may include services to address mental health, substance abuse, health, and employment needs.

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Today, we understand homelessness in America as primarily a crisis that happens to people with poverty level incomes, which most individuals and families are able to resolve after a single shelter stay. However, this understanding is relatively recent

Early perceptions characterized homelessness as a permanent attribute rather than a temporary status. What we now recognize as a marker of chronic homelessness—long-term or repeated episodes of homelessness—was viewed as the norm, and the result of lifestyle preferences and a lifelong retreat from traditional social ties. That dominant perception, a holdover from the “skid row” era of research in the 1950s, was of homelessness as an entrenched condition resulting from “disaffiliation,” or an individual’s decision to isolate one’s self from family, workplace, and other social networks. By the 1980s, homelessness was newly emergent and increasingly visible. These “new homeless” did not conform to existing preconceptions. They included families headed by younger women, young single adults, and a high percentage were minorities. They were not confined to a single neighborhood and did not seek shelter on skid row or in single-room occupancies, which were largely converted to other purposes, but instead stayed on the street and in new shelters that were opened to give people an alternative to sleeping on the street. While social isolation continued to be seen as part of the problem, this changing face of homelessness required new explanations, including a lack of affordable housing, unemployment, and gaps in disability insurance and public assistance coverage.

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Homelessness is a state of affairs in which an individual lacks a place that he/she calls home. It is a major problem in the United States because of its profound effects. The issue disturbs policy makers because of its vast effects that affect nearly every person in society. It is also true that deformed policies are some of the causes of homelessness. The existing policies do not address the problem of homelessness in the US. The government spends many resources in resolving issues related to homelessness. People spending their nights in the cold are susceptible to diseases such as tuberculosis. They are also affected by nutritional deficiencies such as gastrointestinal disorders. Furthermore, the affected individuals are prone to mental illnesses (Herbert, 1976). Many homeless people have complained of physical and sexual assault. The state spends many resources in curing such diseases and disorders. Moreover, maintaining security is costly because of street dwellers. This calls for policy makers to come up with policies that would allow the state to plan effectively. This paper evaluates the existing policies and suggests a policy that would solve the problem

The existing policies are not well positioned to handle the problem. The policies have been overtaken by events because the issue should be handled logically.The project aimed at eliminating homelessness before 2012. The program was adopted by the national agency in charge of homelessness referred to as National Alliance. The new agency was renamed National Alliance to End Homelessness (NAEH). Various agencies declared their intentions to end homelessness. Bush announced that his government was committed to end the problem. In 2003, the Interagency Council designed two plans that could end homelessness. The first one was Ending Chronic Homelessness through Employment and Housing. The program aimed at offering jobs and houses to the poor.

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In essence, extending the scope of the proposal with a view of encompassing family and young people destituteness will formalize the agency’s currently ongoing efforts in assisting homeless family units with children and young people, in addition to tie the work of the agency’s groups directly to the agency’s goal and objective for the organization as a whole.

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Herbert, S. (1976). Administrative Behavior (3rd ed.). New York, NY: The Free Press.

Kraft, M., & Furlong, R. (2010). Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives (3rd ed.). New York, NY: CQ Press.

Radin, B. (2000). Beyond Machiavelli: Policy Analysis Comes of Age. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press

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