The Use and Capabilities of Ints That Would Have Been Important in Identifying or Confirming One of These Terrorist Threats Against the U.S. and Allies
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) plays a key role in providing assistance to Member States, in furtherance of its mandate to strengthen the capacity of national criminal justice systems to implement the provisions of the international legal instruments against terrorism, and does so in compliance with the principles of rule of law and international human rights standards. In particular, in 2011, the General Assembly, in its resolution 66/178, reaffirmed the mandate of UNODC to continue to develop specialized legal knowledge in the area of counter-terrorism and pertinent thematic areas, including the use of the Internet for terrorist purposes.
White supremacist violent extremism, one type of racially- and ethnically-motivated violent extremism, is one of the most potent forces driving domestic terrorism. Lone attackers, as opposed to cells or organizations, generally perpetrate these kinds of attacks. But they are also part of a broader movement. White supremacist violent extremists’ outlook can generally be characterized by hatred for immigrants and ethnic minorities, often combining these prejudices with virulent anti-Semitism or anti-Muslim views. White supremacist violent extremists have adopted an increasingly transnational outlook in recent years, largely driven by the technological forces described earlier in this Strategic Framework. Similar to how ISIS inspired and connected with potential radical Islamist terrorists, white supremacist violent extremists connect with like-minded individuals online. In addition to mainstream social media platforms, white supremacist violent extremists use lesser-known sites like Gab, 8chan, and EndChan, as well as encrypted channels. Celebration of violence and conspiracy theories about the “ethnic replacement” of whites as the majority ethnicity in various Western countries are prominent in their online circles.
While all partner countries work together in the framework of the United Nations to fight terrorism, NATO’s global partners have formulated and implemented national counterterrorism programs and strategies. These differ in their emphasis on aspects in the fight against terrorism and in their means—operational, political, legal, financial, military—due to national experiences and regional circumstances. The Kingdom of Morocco has adopted a counterterrorism strategy with an emphasis on judicial, military, and international elements. Internationally, Morocco cooperates closely with Spain and the United States (Jean-Louis Bruguiere, 2009). The Moroccan Army has further established three specialized units that are focusing on illegal immigration, terrorism, and drug smuggling. Key components of the Saudi Arabian strategy are prevention, rehabilitation, and aftercare programs. The government has launched a large education program about radical Islam and extremism. The centerpiece of the rehabilitation strategy is a comprehensive counseling program designed to re-educate violent extremists and sympathizers and to encourage extremists to renounce terrorist ideologies. The Ministry of Interior employs several initiatives to ensure that counseling and rehabilitation continue after release from state custody, including a halfway house program to ease release into society and programs to reintegrate returnees from Guantanamo Bay (James Carafano, 2002). Australia’s counterterrorism strategy has four key elements that are laid out in its 2010 White Paper: analysis, protection, response, and resilience. In the fight against terrorism, Egypt underlines the importance of distinguishing terrorism as political and not a religious issue.
By and large, terrorism in all its forms poses a direct threat to the security of the citizens of NATO countries, and to international stability and prosperity. It is a persistent global threat that knows no border, nationality or religion and is a challenge that the international community must tackle together. NATO will continue to fight this threat in all its forms and manifestations with determination and in full solidarity. NATO’s work on counter-terrorism focuses on improving awareness of the threat, developing capabilities to prepare and respond, and enhancing engagement with partner countries and other international actors.
James Carafano, “Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300–2050,” Richmond Independent News, September 13, 2002
Jean-Louis Bruguiere, Ce que je n’ai pas pu dire: Entretiens avec Jean-Marie Pontaut, ed. Robert Laffont (Paris: RAND Europe, 2009); Quick scan of post 9/11 national counter-terrorism policymaking and implementation in selected European countries (Leiden, 2002).
Alliance Maritime Strategy—The Maritime Security Environment, paragraph 6, March 18, 2011, available at