Women Linguistic Behavior Is Seen as Part of a Shift in Cultural Loyalty for a Better Life in the Aimed-At Speech Community
For women this includes the payoff of connection and solidarity. Often evaluated with men’s language as the norm, misunderstanding of women’s speech intentions is common. There are problems, however, with any research that attempts to define characteristics of men’s or women’s speech. First is the interpretation of differences. Associations that are found between specific feature use and women’s language should not be assumed to take place in all situations or contexts. As seen in Ian’s excessive minimal response use, for example, gender differences are not absolute. Secondly, many conversational features, such as tag questions and interruptions, do not have set functions (not to mention researcher’s varied definitions). An interpretation of a particular feature, in addition to a speaker’s intention, can only be done within the setting of the interaction (Trudgill, P. 1983).
Linguistic sex differences have socially undesirable consequences. Men’s and women’s differing understanding in conversational interaction can sometimes lead to miscommunication. “[This] miscommunication between adult speakers in mixed conversations assumes that women and men talk differently and have different rules for conversation, because they belong to different subcultures. The path of using language concerning girls is a contributory factor to their disadvantaged position. Differences in girls’ and boy’s language are directly related to girl’s oppression, when looking at the differences in the gender roles and identities of women and men and the hierarchical nature of gender relations and the dominance of men.
Trudgill, P. 1983. Sociolinguistics: An Introduction to Language and Society. Penguin.
West, C. and Zimmerman, D., 1985. ‘Gender, language and discourse. Handbook of discourse analysis, Vol. 4, Discourse analysis in society. van Dijk, T. A. (ed.).
Woods, N. 1989. ‘Talking shop: sex and status as determinants of floor apportionment in a working setting.’ in Coates, J. and Cameron, D. (eds.) 1989. Women in Their Speech Communities. 141-157. Longman.
Zimmerman, D. and West, C., 1975. ‘Sex roles, interruptions and silences in conversation.’ in Thorne and Henley (eds.).