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Women Linguistic Behavior Is Seen as Part of a Shift in Cultural Loyalty for a Better Life in the Aimed-At Speech Community

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Language shift is the process by which a speech community in a contact situation (i.e. consisting of bilingual speakers) gradually stops using one of its two languages in favor of the other. The causal factors of language shift are generally considered to be social, and researchers have focused on speakers’ attitudes (both explicit and unstated) toward a language and domains of language use in the community, as well as other macro social factors

Additional research has focused on the effects of language shift, generally on the (changing) structure of the language itself.

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For a long time women and men performed different tasks, they were occupied with different work requiring different skills. This way of things left an imprint on their minds. People are not alike, and enormous cultural impact made them think and speak variously. We can say that each of us is a peculiar mix of these characteristics. Women and Men have their own range of abilities shaped by their unique past. So, every person is different because heshe is unique, but if looking on gender differences, it should be mentioned that there are natural issues dependent on human body. Women and Men tend to think and speak differently. Psychologists say that women gather details differently and arrange them into particular patterns. Making a decision women rely on more criteria, they consider more options and varieties, looking on an issue from a contextual point of view. Women do not think straight, they thing very similar to the web structure. Men are more likely to think about one thing at a time; they go to the conclusion step by step in a linear way. Men do not relate thousands of other ideas to the discussed topic. Such a difference in thinking process appeared because of some physiological characteristics

The sections of man brain operate more independently, while the two brain hemispheres of woman’s brain has more nerve cables interconnecting. Moreover, typically men hormone testosterone contributes to focusing one’s attention, while woman hormone estrogen tends to promote typically female web thinking. It is considered that women while speaking can find an appropriate word easily than men. As Mark Twain said, “The difference between the right word and the almost right word is the difference between lightening and the lightning bug.” This very tendency begins from early childhood: girls babble definitely more than boys. Girls even start talking with longer utterances and more complex grammatical constructions before boys do. The scientists came to the conclusion that these two types of thinking were “build” during a very long time of womenmen evolution, where both of them were involved in the contrasting occupations. Actually, women use more standard language because they are expected by society to do so. If women act in a rule-breaking way they are judged more severe than men would be judged in the same situation. All over again this stereotyping sticks to the fact that women are associated with family-keepers that raises the children. Moreover language differences appear because of the physical aspects of human body, because of the education and the millions of years of human evolution.

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Through supporting evidence found in my recorded data, I have shown how women use key linguistic features in a casual conversation context (West, C. and Zimmerman, D., 1985). In addition, I have argued that in many of these instances, the usage has been a conscious choice, supporting the difference approach in sex speech styles

Rather than acknowledging an imbalance of power between the sexes, I have supported the claim that speech styles are different due to contrasting interaction purposes. For women this includes the payoff of connection and solidarity. Often evaluated with men’s language as the norm, misunderstanding of women’s speech intentions is common. There are problems, however, with any research that attempts to define characteristics of men’s or women’s speech. First is the interpretation of differences. Associations that are found between specific feature use and women’s language should not be assumed to take place in all situations or contexts. As seen in Ian’s excessive minimal response use, for example, gender differences are not absolute. Secondly, many conversational features, such as tag questions and interruptions, do not have set functions (not to mention researcher’s varied definitions). An interpretation of a particular feature, in addition to a speaker’s intention, can only be done within the setting of the interaction (Trudgill, P. 1983).

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To conclude, this theoretical seminar paper tried to uncover sex and gender differences and has demonstrated that not only in our society exist male and female differences in language. Linguistic sex differences have socially undesirable consequences. Men’s and women’s differing understanding in conversational interaction can sometimes lead to miscommunication. “[This] miscommunication between adult speakers in mixed conversations assumes that women and men talk differently and have different rules for conversation, because they belong to different subcultures. The path of using language concerning girls is a contributory factor to their disadvantaged position. Differences in girls’ and boy’s language are directly related to girl’s oppression, when looking at the differences in the gender roles and identities of women and men and the hierarchical nature of gender relations and the dominance of men.

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Trudgill, P. 1983. Sociolinguistics: An Introduction to Language and Society. Penguin.

West, C. and Zimmerman, D., 1985. ‘Gender, language and discourse. Handbook of discourse analysis, Vol. 4, Discourse analysis in society. van Dijk, T. A. (ed.).

Woods, N. 1989. ‘Talking shop: sex and status as determinants of floor apportionment in a working setting.’ in Coates, J. and Cameron, D. (eds.) 1989. Women in Their Speech Communities. 141-157. Longman.

Zimmerman, D. and West, C., 1975. ‘Sex roles, interruptions and silences in conversation.’ in Thorne and Henley (eds.).

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