Do You Think That Ethics in Research Is a Clear-Cut Issue?
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Ethics pertains to doing well and avoiding harm. Harm can be prevented or reduced through the application of appropriate ethical principles. Thus, the protection of human subjects or participants in any research study is imperative. Violations of human rights in the name of scientific research have been among the darkest events in history. From 1932-1972 more than 400 African American people who had syphilis were deliberately left untreated to study the illness.
If top management does not support ethical conduct, it becomes less likely that subordinates will behave ethically. Given these results concerning top management setting the ethical tone for the firm, it seems imperative that more organizations should write and enforce codes of ethics. At least some unethical practices could be eliminated by more top managers taking such a stance. In addition, industry codes of ethics could be helpful in reducing unethical practices.
128). Second, research ethics promotes the following principles, such as mutual respect, liability, and accuracy that are required especially in promoting collaboration during the study (Bryman and Bell. 128). Finally, ethics in research plays a vital role in building public support for research. It is without doubt that people are more likely to support or fund a research scheme, especially when they can trust the importance of and integrity in research. It is without a shred of a doubt that some of the ethical norms in most of the adopted codes and rules for research ethics in many organizations can be found in the law. Given the described feature, both law and research ethics will overlap. Given the outlined principles of research ethics, confidentiality elements should always be observed too. Confidentiality element will protect personal communications, such questionnaires submitted for publication, confidential records, trade tactics, and patient records.
For example, a researcher who fabricates data in a clinical trial may harm or even kill patients, and a researcher who fails to abide by regulations and guidelines relating to radiation or biological safety may jeopardize his health and safety or the health and safety of staff and students.
Oliver, John. Research ethics: re-evaluating the consequentialist perspective of using covertparticipant observation in management research. 2008. Web.
Bryman, Alan and Emma Bell. Business Research Methods. 3ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. PDF file. Web.
Thomas, Alan B. Research skills for management studies. New York: Routledge, 2004, Print.