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Kinesiology: Biomechanics of Human Movement

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Most people are extremely skilled in many everyday movements like standing, walking, or climbing stairs. By the time children are two, they are skilled walkers with little instruction from parents aside from emotional encouragement

Unfortunately, modern living does not require enough movement to prevent several chronic diseases associated with low physical activity.

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The science and study of the mechanics of a living body. It is an examination of the forces exerted by muscles and gravity on the skeletal structure and the effects produced by such forces. Biomechanics, as a sports science, applies the laws of mechanics and physics to human performance in order to gain a greater understanding of performance in athletic events through modeling, simulation, and measurement. For example, the forces generated during acceleration of a 100m running race. Mechanics: A branch of physics that deals with the effects of energy and forces on the motion of physical objects. Mechanics, in the field of sports studies, is concerned with the behavior of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effect of those bodies on their environment. For example, the study of materials used in hockey sticks or tennis rackets. Statics: The study of objects in a constant state of motion, which means they may be in motion or stationary. Statics is a branch of physics that is concerned with the analysis of various loads on physical systems. For example, the forces required to lift an Olympic barbell. Dynamics: The study of objects subjected to acceleration/deceleration. Dynamics is from the branch of classical mechanics in physics which is involved with the motion of bodies; it is divided into two other branches, kinematics and kinetics

An example for this category would be the flight speed and path of a baseball after it has been struck.

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Flexibility is determined with the level of muscle stiffness or elasticity, which is referred to as pliability by the therapists. Certainly, inclusive fitness schemes should be integrated into flexibility exercises since this is relevant in developing and upholding the range of motion (ROM). These exercises help in stretching the major muscle groups. Therefore, an individual ought to perform them at least two days a week. Indeed, there are relevant parameters for stretching protocols, which include intensity of stretching force, duration of stretch, as well as the frequency of stretch (Leonard 109). Notably, these parameters are used in prescription to increase flexibility. The best stretching ought to encompass suitable static, as well as dynamic practices. Some of the techniques involve slow elongation of muscle and holding it in stretched state for some time and dynamic techniques, which is slow, cyclical elongating, holding, and shortening of a muscle (Leonard 144). Despite the existence of static and dynamic categories of muscle stretching, other types of muscle stretching are also in existence. , such as Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF), which involves the altering activation in a compressed muscle with reflexive protraction of the muscle

In addition, there is ballistic that involves repeated prancing movements, wherein tendon are swiftly elongated and instantly slackened.

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In the end, what is truly important about this common experience is that it is a metaphor for the life of a human movement professional. Professions require formal study of theoretical and specialized knowledge that allows for the reliable solution to problems. This is the traditional meaning of the word “professional,” and it is different than its common use today. Today people refer to professional athletes or painters because people earn a living with these jobs, but I believe that kinesiology careers should strive to be more like true professions such as medicine or law.

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Leonard, Charles. The Neuroscience of Human Movement. St. Louis: Mosby, 1998. Print.

Sternad, Dagmar. Progress in Motor Control: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. New York: Springer, 2009. Print.

Winter, David. Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement. 4th ed. New York: Wiley, 2009. Print.

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